All summer residents know Korean chrysanthemums, although many of them are unaware of the correct name of these flowers. Their flowers are much smaller than conventional (Indian) chrysanthemums, and the color scheme is more extensive. This is perfectly played out when creating flower beds.
Characteristics and features of Korean chrysanthemums
Korean chrysanthemums (Ch. X koreanum Makai) are often called oak trees, as their thick leaves resemble oak in shape. In some varieties they have a delicate aroma, while in others they have a pungent smell, like wormwood.
Korean chrysanthemums have been known for over a hundred years. They appeared due to the crossing of the Siberian chrysanthemum, originating from Korea, and the cultivar Ruth Hatton.
Distinctive features of these plants are:
- small sizes of flowers;
- the ability to bloom with a long summer day;
- the possibility of growing in open ground;
- flowering time - up to four months;
- ability to withstand low temperatures (about zero degrees).
Korean chrysanthemums compares favorably with large-flowered varieties with the ability to tolerate cold winters in open ground. For this, of course, they need to be carefully hidden. But still, they do not need annual transplants.
Numerous hybrid varieties of these chrysanthemums are plants 25 to 80 cm tall. The diameter of their flowers, collected in lush bouquets, ranges from 5 to 10 cm. The bushes are literally strewn with flowers, often combining several harmoniously shades and colors.
How to grow chrysanthemums
Different varieties of Korean chrysanthemums vary in flowering time. In many regions of Russia, only the early and middle varieties appearing in summer and autumn are in full bloom. Later, flowering in November-December, have to be cut. After all, at zero degrees, their buds die. Of the first two categories, the most famous varieties are: Isabelle, Syaivo, Malchish-Kibalchish, Evening Lights, Koreanochka, Cherry, Zolotinka, Lellia and others.
Description of varieties of chrysanthemums, divided by the height of the bushes, is given in the table.
|Groups||Varieties||Bloom||Bush height and diameter (cm)||Flower diameter (cm)||Type of inflorescence||Flower color|
|Kibalchish Boy||since the end of July|
|Mascot||from late July to frost||25||5,0||half-double||raspberry beetroot|
|The second (medium)||First snow||End of August|
|Evening lights||End of August|
There are three main ways to plant chrysanthemums:
- dividing the bush.
Seeds for seedlings are grown in peat pots, starting in February. And in May they can be planted in the ground. This method of reproduction is not too common, because such plants do not inherit parental traits. Great risk is not to achieve the desired result.
Planting by cuttings
Seedlings for planting cuttings are best purchased in August. Then the bushes in the autumn can be planted on the site. Before wintering, flowers from the bush are cut and covered with spruce branches. But it is best to plant seedlings in the spring.
Cuttings along with a lump of land are planted in the ground in May-June. In this case, humus mixed with earth is first poured into dug holes up to 40 cm deep. Then they make a small depression, 2 cm more than an earthen coma, where the plant is lowered. In this case, the root neck should not be deep in the ground, otherwise it will rot.
Bushes of tall varieties of chrysanthemums need support. For each plant, a plot with an area of 30 by 30 cm is provided, and for varieties with spreading bushes - 40 by 40 cm. After planting, the growth point is necessarily removed. A newly planted plant is blocked for a couple of days from the bright sun.
Every three years before wintering, you need to dig a plant so that it does not degenerate. In this case, the root is divided into 3-4 parts, which are planted on a new site. Protects from frost a ten-centimeter layer of peat mixed with sand, covering them with fir branches. But even if in winter the main root freezes, then in the spring (albeit with some delay) new shoots from the accessory buds will appear.
Three factors are important for growing Korean chrysanthemum:
- plenty of light
- quite spacious territory (flowers are small in cramped conditions),
- moderate amount of moisture.
It is better to plant them on a hill or on a high flowerbed, where they will be well lit, protected from drafts, but accessible to the light breeze. And the subsoil waters in these places are not afraid of them.
These plants prefer loose, slightly acidic soil. Loam is best for them. The earth must first be fertilized. For this purpose, use a three-year compost and dry mullein. In this case, it is important to comply with the measure so that the too-grown stem and leaves do not drown the flowers.
Stagnation of moisture in the soil can be detrimental to plants. It is especially terrible for them during the wintering period. Therefore, the soil in the area intended for chrysanthemums is pre-mixed with sand to improve drainage.
Growing Korean chrysanthemums is quite simple, but troublesome. Caring for them includes several important components.
In autumn, the plot is seasoned with leaf humus and phosphorus fertilizers (superphosphate). At the time of bush growth, nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate) are used. And during the budding period (June), flowers need potash (sulfuric acid potassium) and phosphorus fertilizers, if the latter were not applied in the fall.
Features of watering
The first watering is carried out during planting. In order to prevent water from flowing in vain, a hole is formed around the bush. The plant needs to be watered 3-4 times a week so that moisture gets only under the root.
Protection against diseases and pests
Chrysanthemums often suffer from fungal diseases - various spotting, rot, rust fungi. This happens due to a violation of agricultural technology during the cultivation of flowers (excess moisture, air-tight soil, low temperatures, etc.).
The most dangerous pests for chrysanthemums are nematodes. Affected plants have to be destroyed. Aphid also likes to settle on chrysanthemums, but it is effectively fought with the help of special preparations (actar, fitover, agraverine).
We also recommend that you read an article that talks about how to create a floral watch with your own hands.
Korean Chrysanthemum Landscape Design
This beautiful flower is widely used for decorative purposes, ideal for a flower garden. Possible options are:
- Chrysanthemum leaves are among the first to appear in the garden; they look favorably next to conifers.
- Regular flower beds of various shapes. They can be divided into colors of different colors into geometric shapes, segments, even create floral paintings from them.
- The design of the verandas and front stairs, where it is good to beat contrasting color transitions.
- In the borders, you can plant monochrome plants or dilute some colors with others.
Chrysanthemums go well with other plants:
- blue sage and yellow-bronze chrysanthemums;
- pink and red salvia with red chrysanthemums;
- orange peppers and white chrysanthemums;
- decorative miscanthus with green leaves and bronze panicles next to chrysanthemums contrasting in color;
- coleus, marigolds, cosmea, like chrysanthemums, love the sun and bloom until late autumn.
Chrysanthemums: Care and Reproduction
In China, chrysanthemums are called "flowers-the sun", they are considered carriers of wisdom, longevity, purity, success. Korean chrysanthemums will bring a festive mood to your garden, fill it with freshness, grace and exquisite beauty.