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How to tie up peas in the open field, schemes and methods of fastening

How to tie up peas in the open field, schemes and methods of fastening


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The culture is grown by few, but those summer residents who are engaged in this should know how to properly tie peas in the open field. What materials are required for this and how to do it correctly so as not to harm the fragile lashes of plants.

Why tie peas?

There are 3 main reasons why a garter culture is needed. First of all, part of the crop lying on the ground will definitely rot. The second reason is that the young pods hidden under the lashes do not receive enough light and air for proper development. As a result, they ripen unevenly, such a crop cannot be called high-quality.

The third reason, the lower beans are hidden from view, so it is easy to miss the moment of harvesting. One pod ripe on a bush gives a signal to the plant, and it stops the growth and development of new ovaries. Accordingly, a certain percentage of the harvest is lost.

Summer residents, due to lack of time, often neglect this procedure, therefore, the harvested crop does not satisfy them, and they stop growing crops. For this category of gardeners, breeders have bred special undersized varieties, such types of crops do not need support.

Fixing methods and schemes

How exactly to fix the peas depends on the following points:

  • what variety is planted;
  • planting method;
  • what supports are installed;
  • what kind of garter is used.

It is best to install such supports that do not need a garter. But if the bushes are massive and you can't do without it, the following recommendations will help.

Anchoring on supports depends on how the peas are grown. If the bed is small and the plants are planted in a row, props are installed at any time.

A low variety of peas is tied to a small support consisting of a thread and wooden stakes. It is recommended to plant peas in a checkerboard pattern, then it will be easier to tie them up when installing supports.

Advice from agronomists, crop yields are increased by tying peas to a support fixed in an inclined position.

What material is suitable for the garter?

The stems of plants are fragile, so the garter material is carefully selected. Do not use twine or steel wire.

Soft rags or thick threads will do, they will not damage the stems, the plant will not dry out.

What supports and garters to make with your own hands?

Those who do not have the opportunity to purchase materials in the store make their own pea garter supports. There are many options, everyone chooses based on their own preferences and landing characteristics.

For this, vegetable growers use all the materials at hand, a bicycle wheel, stakes, poles and cords will come in handy.

Natural support

They are mainly used for the cultivation of peas on an industrial scale. To do this, use corn, sunflower or cereals. Planting these crops in advance between the rows with peas, they are used for support.

But it is not recommended to do this at home. Since corn draws a maximum of nutrients from the soil, depleting the soil.

Fence

To facilitate the garter process, many plant peas along the fence. Growing up, he, with the help of antennae, clings to it, and braids, providing himself with reliable support.

It is not recommended to plant a crop next to metal structures; in extreme heat, they heat up, the plants burn out.

Support stakes

The pegs are installed at any time. 1 support for 1 plant. Tied up with soft tissue cut into wide strips. Use wooden or metal stakes.

If there are a lot of peas, then you will also need a lot of props. Therefore, this option is both simple and complex at the same time. For simplicity, pegs are installed at the beginning and end of the row, a rope is pulled between them. First, at a distance of 20-30 cm, then more ropes are added as they grow. Thus, by the end of the growing season, you will get a kind of wall of plants.

You cannot use freshly cut willow branches for supports, they will definitely take root and begin to grow.

Wigwam

The support is able to decorate the site. To begin with, a pole with a height of 2 m is placed in the center.Then, at a distance of 70 cm, more stakes are installed, the top is connected and pulled together. Tilt angle 60⁰. Plants are planted on both sides.

The trellis itself is formed with any available materials; fittings, wooden rods, or stretched wire are suitable for this.

Portable trellis

Peas are grown in the same place only 2 years in a row. Therefore, many gardeners build portable trellises. It is easier to rearrange them to a new location.

You will need a bar, screws, twine and a screwdriver. 3 beams equal to the width of the beds, 2 beams 1 m each, 4 beams 160-200 cm long.

It is not difficult to build a structure. Initially, with the help of screws, 3 transverse and 2 lateral beams are fastened. Then 4 vertical supports are attached to them from the outside. Do it at an angle and tie them at the top. The final stage of the work is pulling the rope, after 25-30 cm. These supports are easy to move and put away in winter for storage.

Support on the grid

A simple way to create crop supports using a mesh. It is purchased in hardware stores. The width is preferably 1.5-2 m. It is easy to fix it; it is enough to drive the stakes along the edges of the beds. Then tie it to the props; in this case, the peas are planted on both sides, in a checkerboard pattern.

Bicycle rim trellis

Economical and original support for culture. Very few materials are required to install it. 2 bicycle rims and 2 m fittings, lashing wire and twine.

First of all, the knitting needles are removed, then the reinforcement is inserted into one rim and installed in the center of the bed. The second is attached at the very top with a wire. After the structure is securely fastened, the threads are pulled along which the peas will weave. The culture is planted in a circle near the lower rim.

Review of purchased pea garter materials

For those who purchase in-store poles, manufacturers provide a wide selection.

  • Rigid galvanized mesh. Most often, a standard mesh of 12.5x12.5 mm is used. It is unprofitable to purchase a larger size, since the price for them is very high. The disadvantages of this material for support is that it is installed firmly and left in the winter, this is not very good for maintaining crop rotation. The only option is to plant other climbing plants in place of the peas.
  • Flexible mesh. The material is plastic, so its installation is possible only in the warm season. For props, reinforcement or long poles are used. The downside is that the service life is short, even with careful use.
  • Stationary tapestries. A wide selection of materials from the manufacturer, it all depends on the tastes of the summer resident. Minus, after harvesting, an empty trellis spoils the appearance of the site.
  • Greenhouse arcs. In the spring they are used for their intended purpose, in the summer they are adapted as support for culture. Minus, arcs are suitable, the minimum bend of which is more than 1 m.

Manufacturers, trying to facilitate the work of the summer resident, come up with a variety of supports, having installed which, the summer resident for a long time forgets about the problems.

It is worth remembering that the supports are installed in advance, after the peas have sprouted, there is a possibility of damaging the delicate stems and losing part of the crop.


Watch the video: A Trellis To Make You Jealous (May 2022).