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Belarusian potato varieties continue to be popular at home, but also in other countries where this crop is grown for consumption. Russian potato growers are well aware of most varieties and their description. They continue to be cultivated in different regions of the country, taking into account the climatic conditions. This has been going on for decades.
The development of varieties begins with the climatic zone in mind. It is known that in Belarus there are 3 of them. For Belarusians, potatoes are the second most important product after bread. Therefore, breeders are trying to breed as many species as possible that will give a rich harvest.
It is difficult to determine the best potato varieties. This list may be different for each person, as farmers and gardeners have individual preferences. If a person intends to make dry powder from a vegetable, it is advisable to choose boiled tubers. More dense fruits are suitable for making chips. People who like to grow potatoes in summer cottages choose early varieties, owners of private properties - late-ripening ones.
Among the large number of varieties, those that have managed to establish themselves on the positive side are distinguished. The best potatoes, depending on the ripening period:
- early - Dolphin, Uladar, Lazurite;
- mid-season - Dubrava, Krinitsa, Volat;
- late - Rogneda, Vesnyanka, Zarnitsa.
Each of the varieties, in terms of ripening, has unique characteristics. Some gardeners are attracted by taste, others prefer size. There are also those who want to grow exclusively late or early varieties of potatoes. Everything is individual, since the choice depends on the final result that the person wants to get.
Early ripening species
In areas with a temperate climate, it is customary to cultivate early maturing varieties. Most of them are successfully grown in Ukraine and Russia.
The potato variety is distinguished by an increased yield of tubers and an early return of the crop. Ripe root crops have a good presentation. Oblong vegetables with light yellow flesh. One fruit contains no more than 15% starch. Potato mass - 85-140 g.
It is characterized by a short ripening period of the crop. Ripe fruits can be eaten 1.5 months after the first shoots appear. Most often it is affected by late blight of tubers, but does not lend itself to potato cancer. A strong immune system prevents the leaves from curling. Rarely, fruits can rot, but this happens in isolated cases.
This variety is often chosen for growing by gardeners, as it does not need whimsical care. At the same time, it gives a high yield of root crops. The description of the variety includes the following characteristics: long-term storage of fruits, early maturity, drought resistance, excellent taste. The fruit is covered with an even dark skin. It has small eyes that are located on the surface and do not lie.
Creamy flesh potatoes are firm to the touch. During heat treatment, it changes color. It does not disintegrate during cooking and retains its original shape. Starch level 11 to 16%. Competent crop care allows you to get fruits weighing 165 g.
Another early maturing potato with a characteristic potato flavor. The fruits are smooth to the touch, round, the eyes are not very deep. The section shows white flesh covered with yellow skin. It has an average starch content. The mass of ripe fruits often reaches 120 g.
Lapis lazuli is a vivid representative of super early potato varieties. Tuber formation is fast, so the crop can be harvested 4–6 weeks after germination. The immune system resists attack from a number of diseases that most commonly affect the nightshade family. The green part of the plant is affected by late blight.
Many early-ripening potato varieties have been bred in Belarus. Only the most popular ones are presented here. There are 124 species that are included in the state register. Local breeding presents a choice of 44 types of potatoes.
In addition to the early ripening period, gardeners do not bypass potatoes belonging to mid-season varieties. The growing period takes no more than 100 days. The most popular are Dubrava, Krinitsa and Volat. Each person selects the appropriate option for himself.
The potatoes have a pleasant taste and good keeping quality. The size of the tubers is average. Rounded fruits are covered with small eyes. Belarusians, Ukrainians and Russians choose Dubrava because of its disease resistance and high yield.
In one plant, from 6 to 9 tubers are formed. Given this fact, the variety is characterized by an average yield. Long-term storage of root crops is possible. On a rounded shape, the eyes do not stand out much. The only drawback of the culture is poor immunity to late blight.
Suitable for gardeners who expect to get a rich harvest in a season. One bush can contain 15 fruits. When cooked, potatoes have a rich taste. In Belarusian breeding it is characterized as a variety that has a lot of useful substances. Designed for transportation and long-term storage.
Belarusian potatoes, included in this category, have a long ripening period. From the moment of planting in the soil to digging out the crop, it takes from 115 to 135 days. The most popular varieties are Vesnyanka, Rogneda and Zarnitsa. They differ in taste and structure of the pulp.
Ripe fruits have a good presentation due to their even shape and smooth skin. Continues to remain in excellent condition for a long period of time. Light pleasant taste diversifies the usual dishes. In rare cases, signs of potato disease can be seen on the bushes.
At the time of development, the bush reaches enormous sizes, its power can be determined by the stems and leaves. The pale yellow flesh is covered with a rich color. Ripe fruits are oval. The variety can be dug out before ripening and used for cooking. Due to its dense skin, it continues to be stored for a long time.
Table potatoes are endowed with resistance to many types of diseases. Unfortunately, she often suffers from late blight. The oblong bulbs are covered with a thick red skin. The flesh inside is yellow. Recommended for people who prefer boiled varieties.
Starch levels can be as high as 18%. Shrubs tolerate drought well. After planting, it grows on any soil. Reacts positively to mineral fertilizers.
The advantages of potato fruits
Professional agronomists and breeders claim that Belarusian root crops have a number of advantages. This makes them popular not only in their homeland, but also far beyond its borders. They differ from other varieties in many nuances, which makes the Belarusian selection of potatoes in demand among people who plant this culture. Benefits of varieties:
- The country has acceptable soil and climatic conditions for favorable crop cultivation. At the same time, the geographical location of Belarus plays a huge role.
- Experienced agronomists are ready to provide a person with information on growing potatoes.
- Cultivation and processing of root crops has been carried out for many years. To do this, use proven methods that give real results. Belarusians do not betray their traditions.
Ripe fruits for consumption and reproduction are sent to any part of the world. The supply of vegetables has been established in the country. It is very comfortable. This approach allows products to be distributed all over the world.
If a person chooses potatoes for planting on their land, it is worth paying attention to important factors. In order for a ripe fruit not to disappoint after ripening, a person must find the variety that satisfies his needs. The further cultivation of potatoes depends on a successful choice. The culinary type plays an important role:
- Category "A". The list includes species that have a salad purpose. As a rule, the fruits are dense and devoid of wateriness.
- Category "B". In Belarus, such potato varieties are specially bred for the preparation of first courses. They are not only added to soup, but also fried in a pan. The structure is dense and weakly boiled.
- Category "C". The harvest that a person will receive depends on the quality of the planting material. Ready-made root vegetables of category "C" are perfect for making puree. The consistency is soft, so the potatoes are boiled during cooking.
- Category "D". If potato varieties have a similar mark, this means that they are intended not only for mashed potatoes, but also casseroles. The potatoes are not watery, have a pronounced mealy and an average degree of digestibility.
Each potato variety has unique characteristics. If a person is not able to decide on the choice for landing, another approach is possible. Breeders are advised to grow several types of varieties in one area at once. This will provide a varied crop that will be ready for consumption until the start of the next season.
When choosing a variety, it is recommended to take into account the type of soil. Before planting, the soil is carefully prepared so that the culture does not need anything during growth and development.
In order for potato cultivation to give a positive result, you must use a competent approach. Belarusian varieties make the task easier for farmers and gardeners. Sowing material does not require regular renewal. The plus is that separate views are displayed for each region. A person is required to choose one that is suitable for a certain climatic zone.