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Description of Unshiu tangerine and cultivation at home

Description of Unshiu tangerine and cultivation at home


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Who has never wanted to grow a full-fledged tangerine tree on their own at least once in their life? However, how to do this if the average height of one seedling is 3-4 measures? Experts recommend simply choosing the right citrus variety. So, Unshiu tangerines have all the required parameters for growing at home. Unshiu also translates as "pitted". And this is a definite plus of the variety.

Characteristics and description of the Unshiu mandarin

Despite the fact that the Unshiu variety owes its origin to the "land of the rising sun" (Japan), it quickly spread throughout Europe and the CIS. The plant is self-fertile. Distinctive feature of Unshiu - flowers:

  • small;
  • snow-white;
  • oblong shape;
  • and have an amazing aroma.
The bush grows in open ground, on average, up to 2.5-3 meters, while indoors it reaches only 1.5 meters. The crown is dense and spreading, the root system is also. The leaves are characterized by a rich dark green hue and an oval shape. The average lifespan of the leaf itself is from 2.5 to 4 years.

A bit of history

In fact, the homeland of the Unshiu mandarin is China, but the plant only spread throughout the world after the seeds came to Japan. Therefore, a deep misconception about the origin of the variety has taken root.

There is also a variegated variety of Unshiu mandarin - variegated. The main difference from the classic variety:

  • yellow border on the leaves;
  • larger and lighter fruits;
  • the skin of the fruit is denser.

However, in terms of taste, Variegated is in no way inferior to the classic Unshiu.

Description of the crown

The crown of the Unshiu mandarin is dense and spreading, but the house trees are able to adapt to the existing conditions. The leaves are smooth to the touch and are easy to clean. They are elongated and have a slightly corrugated surface.

Important! For the fruit to ripen successfully, sunlight is required, so it is sometimes recommended to thin out the crown.

Flowering features

The blossoming period of the Unshiu mandarin falls in May. The flowers are small, fragrant, and united in small cluster inflorescences. A characteristic feature of mandarin is the absence of the need for artificial pollination.

Fruit characteristics

Unshiu tangerines fell in love with the sophistication of the fruit, the characteristic features of which can be expressed in several points:

  • small, average weight varies between 70 and 100 grams;
  • uniform color, orange;
  • rounded shape, slightly flattened on both sides;
  • juicy, sweet, with a mild sourness;
  • the skin is thin, and quickly departs from the fruit;
  • citrus consists of 10-12 lobes;
  • bones inside are completely absent.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Unshiu tangerine has a number of advantages:

  • tasty and nutritious fruits;
  • beautiful aesthetic appearance of the plant;
  • high productivity;
  • disease and pest resistance;
  • complete absence of seeds in fruits;
  • convenient watering mode.

However, there are also noticeable disadvantages;

  • fruits are not stored for long;
  • the tree needs constant care;
  • replanting the plant regularly is required.

Growing at home

Unshiu tangerine is as if created for growing at home. However, before you start breeding this variety, experts recommend studying the main points of care that can create minor inconveniences:

  • difficult to adjust the temperature in the presence of central heating;
  • regular spraying is required, which significantly increases the humidity in the room;
  • you need to fertilize often.

Planting a tree

It is recommended to plant a tangerine tree in early spring. This will require a complex mixture consisting of the following components:

  • sod soil as a base;
  • humus from leaves;
  • sand - for better moisture;
  • rotted humus as fertilizer;
  • drainage up to 5 centimeters at the bottom.

Important! During transplantation and care, the root system must not be damaged. One damaged shoot is capable of ruining an entire tree. This is especially true for young, just purchased, seedlings.

Lighting, humidity and temperature

For the full development of the Unshiu mandarin, it is important to provide saturation with light and warmth. It is recommended to take out the plant “bask in the sun” on sunny (windless!) Days.

Attention! Unshiu does not tolerate direct UV rays, so you need to hide it under a light curtain.

Average air temperature: +17 degrees, but in winter, during the dormant period, the temperature should not be higher than 10 degrees. It is also important to remember the lighting formula in winter: the cooler it is in the room, the less light the plant needs and vice versa. It is also recommended to spray the leaves with water - this will help create moisture close to the natural environment of the plant.

Watering and feeding

Watering the plant is required when the top 5 centimeters of the soil is dry; less often in winter. It is also not recommended to pour water directly onto the roots - this will expose them even more. Unshiu tangerine needs regular feeding, because the artificial soil is far from natural conditions.

Fertilizers are often used:

  • animal manure;
  • mineral fertilizers purchased at the store;
  • Potash with a high potassium content is excellent for leaves.

Pruning rules

Due to the fact that the tangerine tree tends to grow upward, but not every house has high ceilings, it is recommended to resort to the pinching (removal of the top) procedure. This allows you to form a crown and direct the growth of branches horizontally. The procedure is required to be carried out until the desired result is obtained, regardless of the presence of leaves and flowers.

Protection from pests and diseases

It is much easier to get rid of the misfortune at home. So:

  1. A fungicide solution will help to defeat the invasion of spider mites and thyroid glands.
  2. Rot and brittleness can be easily eliminated by adjusting the irrigation regime.
  3. Topaz or copper sulfate solution are the main enemies of fungi and powdery mildew.

Important! Mandarins can overcome other, rarer, pests and diseases. In such a case, it is recommended to write down the symptoms and consult a specialist.

Problems when growing tangerine

Growing the Unshiu tangerine does not cause trouble for gardeners, however, several main difficulties have been identified when leaving:

  • it is often difficult to find out why the leaves turn yellow, so the plant may die (more often it is either an excess of water or a lack of potassium);
  • the need for daily care, especially with increased dry air;
  • the fruits are sometimes bitter (due to incorrect pruning of seedlings).

Harvesting and storage

The first harvest of this variety appears 3-4 years after planting. The average yield from one domestic tree is about 5-10 kilograms. However, transporting and storing the fruit is a minor problem due to the soft skin. Unshiu tangerines have a shelf life of 1 to 3 months.


Watch the video: Growing MANDARIN from Seed (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Aragor

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  2. Stanwik

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  3. Pollock

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  4. Harlake

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