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Thanks to the work of breeders, sweet cherries have been bred, which take root not only in the south, but also in the middle latitudes. Grow trees in gardens, in suburban areas. In a fruitful year, so many berries ripen that summer residents do not know what to do with them, it is difficult to process all the fruits at once. Many people have the question of how to store cherries so that they can later be eaten fresh, used to prepare dessert dishes. It is a pity if the appetizing yellow, burgundy, red berries simply rot.
Harvesting rules for long-term storage
So that the cherries do not deteriorate longer, do not drain with juice, you need to look when buying so that the fruits are not crumpled, there is no damage, the cuttings do not dry out. The dark skin tone indicates that ripe fruits are being sold, and they will be stored, but not for long.
Those who harvest cherries on their site for the first time may not know that they need to be picked in the morning, and not at any time of the day. The pulp of the fruit will be strong, which makes the tasty and healthy berry better stored. Fresh cherries need to be laid out on a thick cloth and carefully sorted out; there is no need to put them back in a bucket. In a cold room, the crop will not lose its attractive appearance throughout the week, but it will not be stored longer.
Berries plucked from a tree should not be left in the garden; in the fresh air they will rot in a couple of days.
Freezing cherries in the refrigerator
In the summer, keeping the fruits fresh is problematic, since it is hot outside, warm both in a private house and in an apartment. It's only cool in the cellar, but the cherry will rot in it. It is better to send the berries to the lower part of the refrigerator or store in a special section for fruits, where the temperature does not exceed 1 ° C, at 0 or 2 degrees of frost, the fruits change their color.
The berries do not need to be washed before placing on the shelf. Before storing wet cherries, dry them on a towel or other dense material.
Fruits are placed in a container, jar, plastic bowl, well closed. The berries will lie without spoiling for up to 10 days. During this time, vitamins are preserved, the concentration of ascorbic acid does not decrease.
In winter, children enjoy eating yoghurts, which are even tastier and more aromatic with cherries. To keep fruit fresh for a long time:
- Thoroughly wash each berry, carefully removing the stalk.
- Wipe dry with a napkin or paper towel.
- Poured into small bags through which air does not pass.
- Put the cherries in the freezer.
Placing the fruits in a special container, you can not be afraid that during storage they will be saturated with the smell of meat or vegetables. To use cherries in winter for decorating mousses, pastries, cakes, as a filling for pies, put the fruits in the microwave, where they can be defrosted in 2 minutes.
How to prepare berries
Having collected a large amount of cherries to send for storage, they choose dense, not overripe and clean fruits. It is better to pick a crop from a tree with tails, which are then carefully removed. The berries are carefully reviewed, crumpled and damaged berries are deposited separately, leaves and specks are removed. Before freezing, cherries are not washed to keep them better.
Wet fruits are carefully poured onto a towel or blanket, where they should dry for two hours. Fruits for compotes can be used with seeds; for pies and jams, cherries are more convenient to harvest without them.
Strong berries of late varieties are preserved, which will last for a year or two, and are used to prepare other products. The seedless crop is rolled up in jars and sterilized so that they do not deteriorate longer. A fragrant compote is obtained from whole cherries; such a product should be stored for no more than a year.
The bones contain hydrocyanic acid, which begins to be released if the conservation is stored for a long time, which, when consumed, negatively affects the state of the human digestive organs.
Compote acquires a rich taste, looks very beautiful when combined with cherries and cherries, vitamins are preserved in it. For the preparation of preserves and jams for the winter, the bones are removed, so such products do not deteriorate for a long time, do not accumulate hazardous substances. These delicacies can be stored in jars with lids for several years.
Many summer residents, having collected a rich harvest, cannot fit all the fruits in the freezer, and instead of cooking jams and making compotes, they prefer to dry cherries. In this form, the crop is stored for more than a year. To do this, choose the most juicy fruits, pull out the bones from them, cut off the tails.
The preparation process takes a lot of time, but vitamins and minerals are preserved in the berries. A fragrant compote from dried cherries helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, remove uric acid from the body, normalize metabolism, and eliminate edema.
To keep dried fruits for a long time, you can dry them in the oven of a gas stove and in special household appliances. After sorting, the garden crop is washed under a tap, the seeds are removed and put in one layer in an electric dryer:
- So that the cherries do not crack, do not let the juice in, the temperature is selected at 60 degrees.
- After a few hours, another 20 ° C is added.
- If you start the procedure in the morning, the berries will be ready until evening.
Dried fruits are stored in a linen bag, paper bag, glass jar. They are valued for the fact that they contain pectins that cleanse the body of toxins.
Dried cherries are tender, do not stick to the iron sheet on which they are laid out. In order not to pull out the bones with a pin, it is worth purchasing a special device, the preparatory process will be at least halved. It is convenient to store dried fruits.
Sweet cherries dry well in the oven with the door ajar. Washed and peeled berries are placed in a thin layer on a metal sheet. First, the fruits are dried at 50 ° C, then add another 25. They will be stored perfectly.
Cherries are sweet and tasty when dried in the oven using a simple recipe.
Mixing water and sugar in the same ratio, prepare syrup in a saucepan:
- Pour berries into the hot liquid.
- After boiling the cherries for a couple of minutes, remove from heat.
- The next day, the fruits are boiled, after cooling, they are removed from the container.
The baking sheet is covered with parchment, fruits are placed in it and sent to the oven, where they are dried at 50 ° C, if the temperature is higher, the vitamins disintegrate.
How much dried fruits are stored
Unripe berries will stay in the refrigerator for no more than 10 days, and then begin to rot. At home, cherries are best kept dried. First, it is left in the container for several days to allow the fruit to dry out a little more. Then the fruits, which are dried in the sun, in an electric dryer or oven, are poured into a bag, which is tightly tied.
Dried fruits are stored in a glass jar with a lid. The shelf life in such a package is 15 months. If you put the cherries in a bag, you need to check if insects are bred in them, then the harvest is stored for up to a year.
Jam and compotes are prepared using different recipes. If the seeds are pulled out of the berries, such products, rolled up hermetically, do not deteriorate for a long time, and the taste does not deteriorate. In a basement or cellar, conservation can be stored for 2 or even 3 years. When the compote is left at room temperature, it should be consumed within 12 months.
If you close the crop with seeds, after a while it begins to taste bitter, and the smell of almonds appears due to the release of hydrocyanic acid. It is not worth storing such compote for more than a year. The sugar-free jam quickly turns sour, you don't need to save on a sweet product, otherwise you won't be able to save the dessert.
Having harvested a stone fruit crop, you need to try to process it faster. Fragrant and tasty fruits begin to rot after a couple of days and are not stored fresh for a long time. Gardeners advise choosing berries with a dense skin for freezing, they are dried, not washed. Cherries are placed in special bags, they are not stored in polyethylene, it attracts the smell, impairs the taste.