All poultry should be kept in proper conditions as they affect growth, development and productivity. This also applies to quails. Most often, cages are made for them, which can be installed in any suitable place. However, the best option is a do-it-yourself shed or sparrowhawk. The room should be comfortable, so you need to take it seriously.
The first thing to pay attention to is that quails do not live on the floor. Many novice farmers unknowingly build a regular poultry house for them, like for chickens, but this is unacceptable. Quail should be placed in special cages with tiers.
Other requirements include:
- environmentally friendly materials;
- the possibility of full care of the product;
- free access to drinking bowls and feeders;
- the presence of nests and trays for collecting eggs;
- additional heating in the winter season;
- lamps to extend daylight hours.
The owner needs to take care that there are no drafts and direct sunlight in the quail coop.
Drawings and dimensions
Based on the total area of the barn and the number of heads, from 3 to 12 tiers are made. The cage should be made of wood on three sides and metal mesh. Thus, the issue of drafts is solved. It is important to calculate in advance the size of the future dwelling for quails.
One bird should have from 1.5 dm2... As a rule, for the purpose of growing and breeding, a family of 1 male and 5-6 females is needed. When birds are bred to obtain eggs, chickens can be populated with 20-25 individuals in each cage. For fattening males for meat, the scheme is similar, but the owner must not forget about the isolator, where especially violent specimens can be deposited.
Before making a cage, you need to create a design drawing. The following elements should be noted on it:
- egg tray;
- a pallet for collecting droppings;
The slope of the floor in the cage by approximately 7-13 ° C is important. The tray for collecting eggs should protrude 8 cm from the cage, and so that they do not fall out, the structure should be equipped with small sides.
The choice of a place for the construction of a house for birds must be approached responsibly. The site should be located away from residential areas so that unpleasant odors do not come to them. It is not worth building an object in a lowland, since there is a low temperature and high humidity. Birds do not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is better to hide the structure in the shade.
Like other types of poultry, quails must be walked daily. They must have a designated walking area. It is desirable that there be vegetation near this place - shrubs, trees, grass, since birds love natural conditions.
How to make a sparrowhawk with your own hands
The construction of the barn is carried out in stages. Initially, they build a barn, and then proceed to the arrangement and assembly of cells. After choosing a suitable place, it is necessary to complete the drawings, determine the size of the structure.
The selected area must be carefully freed from vegetation, including tree roots, otherwise they will begin to give growth, which will destroy the structure. The top layer of the earth is removed and the surface is leveled. Sand is poured on top with the addition of a small amount of gravel.
Next, blocks for the foundation are installed, the bars are treated with antiseptics. A floor covering is laid at the bottom of the base, then the frame for the walls is mounted, fixing it at the base. Walls can be sheathed with particle boards, leaving room for window and door openings. The next step is roof installation and facade cladding.
After building the house, bird cages should be made. They can be arranged in several tiers, while the first should preferably be located 40 cm from the floor. The height of the latter is determined by ease of maintenance, but you should not place it under the very ceiling.
The height of the cage is no more than 30 cm, since quails differ from other poultry in that they like to jump. In cages that are too spacious, this often leads to injuries. The tray at the bottom of the cage will allow quick and easy disposal of droppings, feed residues and other debris.
Ventilation and humidity
A ventilation system is a must for the house. Even the simplest design will be able to maintain optimal humidity. It is advisable to ventilate the structure every hour. This requires automatic ventilation.
Air can be circulated through the windows. To do this, one window frame must open, and the other must have small holes. This will allow fresh air to circulate freely throughout the room. Another option is to install a mechanical fan. It is mounted in a window and periodically turned on.
A more complex device is supply and exhaust ventilation. This system is not cheap, but it is effective. It can be done independently by making ducts for air exchange using pipes.
Even if the house has windows and there is enough daylight, additional lighting will still be required during the winter season. The network needs to be taken care of at the stage of finishing work. Fluorescent lamps are suspended from the ceiling, and an infrared lamp is required for dim lighting. It should not be placed close to the cages.
Heating devices are used to maintain a comfortable temperature in the cold season, however, in order to reduce energy costs, it is necessary to insulate the walls at the construction stage. Styrofoam, mineral wool, pressed wood chips are suitable as thermal insulation materials.
Organization of walking
In summer, daily bird walking in a specially designated area is recommended. The aviary is suitable for these purposes. Exercise keeps birds healthy and improves performance. A plot for an aviary is chosen with grass and shrubs. It is fenced with suitable material. The top is covered so that strangers do not steal food. Drinking bowls are placed on the territory.
Care and hygiene
Caring for the room and the cage involves not only mechanical cleaning of droppings, feed residues, and other litter, but also regular disinfection with special agents. This will help avoid infectious diseases. It is important to regularly wash the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage itself. Disinfection is carried out once a week. In this case, the cages with birds are taken to another place to avoid poisoning of the quail.