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The lush-flowering, with a heady aroma, the Flamentanz rose is a decoration of summer cottages and front gardens. It is widely used in landscape design as a hedge. Due to its resistance to temperature extremes, it is grown not only in the southern regions, but also in Siberia.
History of crop breeding
The hybrid rose variety of Cordesa Flamentanz with large bright flowers was bred in the rose gardens of the famous trading house W. Kordes' Sоhne after crossing with Rose rubiginosa in 1952. The variety was introduced to the general public three years later.
Frost-resistant hybrids with climbing branches, characteristic varietal properties are the special pride of the famous dynasty of German breeders. The name corresponds to the appearance of the plant during flowering, as translated from German means "dance of fire".
Difference from other species: the pros and cons of the variety
The Flamentants rose differs from other varieties in its endurance and high winter hardiness.
The only drawback and distinctive property noted by Cortez himself is flowering once a year for a month.
The list of the variety's advantages is wider. It includes:
- resistance to pests, fungal diseases;
- frost tolerance down to -30 ° C;
- stable delicate aroma;
- abundant flowering;
- rapid development of the bush, which does not cause difficulties in reproduction;
- use in vertical gardening of backyard, summer cottages.
The height of the bush, the number of flowers on the stem depends on the correct choice of planting site, adequate care. Florists especially appreciate the Flamentanz rose variety for its resistance to negative winter temperatures. In the southern regions, the bushes do without shelter, and in the northern regions they insulate the plant unreasonably.
Subject to the rules for performing agrotechnical work, the rose blooms safely in one place for up to 20 years.
Description of the plant
Cortez considered the Flamentanz hybrid to be the best among the red-flowering climbing roses he created. The fact that the bush blooms once does not prevent it from being popular in Scandinavia and among domestic flower growers.
Budding and flowering
In the southern regions of Russia, budding and flowering of the variety occur from the second half of May to the end of June. In the regions to the north, the Flamentanz rose delights with its lush bloom two weeks later.
The buds, under the weight of the petals, of which there are 20–40 pieces, tilt slightly downward. When the bush blooms with bright red double flowers reaching 12 cm in diameter, the branches can break if not fixed on the props in a timely manner. Against the background of large fiery flowers with large yellow stamens in the center, the green shiny foliage of the bush is lost, becoming less noticeable.
Depending on the composition of the soil, climatic conditions, both single specimens of flowers and lush inflorescences bloom. Up to 15 buds are formed on one stem. The aroma of rose Flamement is pleasant, gentle, unobtrusive.
Bush and root system
The Flamentanz rose bush is spreading, the height varies from two to five meters, depending on climatic conditions. Branched shoots with wide thorns at the base. If you do not prune every year, the bush takes on a sloppy look.
The root system of the plant is well developed and powerful. It is not subject to freezing in frosty winters, rotting during excessive rains.
Conditions of detention
In order for the varietal properties of the Flamentanz rose to be fully revealed, they adhere to the recommendations for creating suitable conditions for the plant.
Lighting and location
The abundance of flowering is primarily influenced by lighting. Choose a place on the south side of the site. The optimal time for the sun's rays to hit the bush is 6-7 hours a day. The prolongation of the illumination period leads to the loss of the color intensity of the flowers.
If the place is chosen correctly for the rose - without drafts and close occurrence of groundwater, then the plant does not need a transplant for many years.
Provided the soil is moistened, high summer temperatures are favorable for the Flamentanz rose. The variety is valuable because it adapts to different climatic conditions, withstands temperature drops from -35 ° C to +35 ° C.
Air and humidity
The rose responds favorably to moderate air circulation, but categorically does not accept drafts. During the growing season, the bushes are especially demanding for watering.
With a lack of precipitation, low air humidity, the Flamentanz rose is sprayed with a spray in the early morning and evening. At this time, direct sunlight is excluded from the leaves.
Rosa Flamentants loves sandy loam soils with good drainage, loams with humus content, chernozem. The plant prefers acidity slightly acidic or neutral.
Air and moisture permeability are of great importance. Stagnant water is unacceptable. At the same time, the composition of the soil must retain enough moisture for the rose. Soil fertility is increased by compost, humus. Since the roots of the crop are strong, the thickness of the arable layer must correspond to their length.
Planting seedlings in the open field
The planting material is inspected for damage, deformed or dried out areas. In order for the plant to develop faster, the branches are cut to 25-30 cm, the cuts are smeared with garden pitch. The roots are soaked for 2-3 hours, shortened, and treated with ash.
In open ground, it is preferable to plant the Flamentanz rose together with an earthen lump. Therefore, it is better to purchase a varietal plant with a closed root system. After the end of the event, the bush is covered with a film, creating greenhouse conditions.
Flamement roses are planted in the spring before bud break, when the soil warms up to + 10 ° C.
The optimal planting dates are late April or early May.
This period is favorable for rooting, rapid growth. If the buds of a rose seedling purchased in the nursery have opened, then the fruit trees are waiting for the beginning of flowering, after which they are planted.
Planting is allowed in autumn, but no later than early October. Otherwise, the bush will not have time to adapt, in winter it will die from the cold.
Technological process of disembarkation
In order for the bushes of the Flamentanz rose to take root safely and delight with abundant flowering, the following algorithm of actions is observed when planting a plant:
- prepare a landing pit with a depth and width of half a meter;
- maintain a distance between the pits of 1 meter;
- a 20-centimeter drainage is poured to the bottom - stones, fragments of bricks;
- moisten the soil;
- a fertile soil layer is mixed with half a bucket of manure or humus;
- instill a seedling in an upright position;
- from above, the soil is compacted with feet;
- once again water the seedling, mulch with sawdust, bark.
For better rooting of the plant, the roots are previously placed in Kornevin's solution.
Crop care recommendations
The Flamementz rose variety is not picky about care, but watering, feeding, weeding of weeds is indispensable. In order for the culture to decorate the house or summer cottage with abundant flowering annually, form and sanitary pruning of branches is carried out, the bushes are treated with drugs that protect against insect pests and diseases, and the plant is prepared for winter.
On hot summer days, during the period of rapid growth of green mass, a bucket of water is poured under each rosebush twice a week. With the appearance of buds, watering is reduced to 1 time in one and a half to two weeks.
In the spring, with the beginning of the growing season, roses are fed with complex mineral fertilizers with an emphasis on nitrogen and phosphorus. They stimulate the growth of new branches, increase the immunity of weakened roses of the Flamentants variety - Agricola, Hera "Spring", Fertika.
Two weeks later, compost is introduced under each bush, embedding it shallowly into the ground. A month after the first feeding, the plants are watered with infusion of chicken or cow droppings. During the budding period, the bushes are sprayed with a chelated complex.
Increases frost resistance, prevents diseases and pest attacks, the introduction of potash fertilizers in the fall - Kalimagnesia, potassium sulfate. To increase the culture's resistance to cold weather, to strengthen the roots, superphosphate is used.
Loosening the soil and controlling weeds
The unpretentiousness of the Flamentantz rose variety allows weeding and loosening of the soil once a week. It is advisable to carry out agrotechnical measures the next day after watering, when a dense crust of earth forms under the plant.
Peat, compost, humus used as mulch attract earthworms. The aeration of the soil increases, more oxygen is supplied to the roots.
Removing weeds reduces the risk of disease and pest attacks. The bush gets more nutrients.
The first pruning of the Flamentantz variety is carried out at planting, shortening the stems by 30 cm from the root. In the second year, in the spring, weak growth is removed and the branches are shortened, leaving four buds on each. In September, damaged deformed branches and not lignified shoots of bushes, on which buds have not formed, are removed. Pinch the tops of the leading lashes.
In the third and subsequent years, in early spring, they get rid of the bent branches growing inside the crown. Annual basal branches are shortened by 1/3, old ones are cut out. If there are no young shoots, then the old stems are not completely removed. Leave 20-centimeter lengths to stimulate the growth of new lashes.
With the formative pruning of roses, it is taken into account that budding occurs on the branches that appeared last year. The lateral flowering branches are annually shortened to a third bud. For the formation of the crown, powerful, beautifully directed branches are selected.
Before the start of flowering, the Flamentanz rose growers take care of the stability of the branches of the bushes, prepare the supporting structures. When choosing a support, they are guided by reliability, compactness, decorativeness.
Pergolas, replacing gazebos that serve as recreation areas, are built independently. On both sides of the garden path, metal pillars are dug in. An arched lattice roof made of wood is attached from above. The height of the pergola should correspond to the size of the rose bushes.
A cone-shaped support is constructed from metal, plastic pipes. Set closer to the thickened part of the plant. They plant the Flamentanz rose along the chain-link fence or make a wooden trellis net fixed to the posts.
Shelter bushes for the winter
Shortly before the onset of cold weather, the branches of the plant are removed from the support. Under the weight of their own weight, the whips are bent to the ground. You should not rush to shelter the bushes, since after the first frost a thaw sets in, the Flamentanz rose may shrink.
They are waiting for a stable negative temperature (6–7 ° C). On a clear, sunny day, branches are tied in bunches, laid on a layer of dry leaves, boards, hay. In this position, the stems are fixed with arcs. You can do without them, but with the arches, the culture is provided with air access, which minimizes freezing, podoprevanie.
From above, the rose is insulated with any covering material - spruce branches, spunbond, agrofibre, roofing material. You can use cardboard boxes, plastic wrap.
Climbing rose propagation
The most effective breeding method is cuttings. Blooming or faded shoots are selected. The bottom of the cutting is cut obliquely directly under the kidney, the top - exactly, away from the kidney.
The lower leaves are removed, the stem of the rose is buried in a container with a substrate diluted with sand to a depth of 2 cm. A plastic bottle is fixed on top to create a greenhouse effect. After a month, the shelter is removed. The pot with planting material is left before planting in the ground in a room with a temperature of 25 ° C. With the onset of stable heat, the plant is planted in a permanent place.
The attitude of summer residents and flower growers to the Flamentants rose variety is expressed in reviews.
Irina, 33 years old:
“After the construction of the country house, my dream came true - to plant roses. The landscape designer advised us to purchase the Flamentants variety, which is adapted to our climatic conditions, weaves, looks spectacular on props. I planted bushes along the fence, on the south side of the house and near the gazebo. The plants survived the winter perfectly. The next year they bloomed so profusely that there were more flowers than leaves. Leaving takes a little time, but how beautiful! My advice is to regularly spray plants with chemicals. Otherwise, caterpillars and aphids will attack, which is difficult to get rid of. "
Natalya Petrovna, 45 years old:
“Five years ago, a neighbor at the dacha gave a stalk of a rose Flamentants. The plant quickly adapted to the flowerbed, began to curl. I had to ask my husband to make an arch. It blooms with a red flame every June for a month continuously. Care is not burdensome. In the fall, I take off the whips, cover it with spunbond. In the spring I attach it to the support, treat it with fungicides. After the rose blooms, I remove the dried inflorescences, feed them with organic matter, ash, superphosphate. Before wintering, I cut out old branches. The previous winter I left the whips on the arch, wrapping them with two layers of agrofibre. The bush remained safe and sound. "