Advice

Description and characteristics of the Khokhloma tomato, its yield


On the backyard, you can often see small beds where the owners grow their favorite vegetables. One of the main plants is the tomato. Today on the market you can find seeds of various seeds of this vegetable. The Khokhloma tomato is very popular. This selection of the Gavrish agrofirm has certain characteristics. Before planting it on the site, it is worth carefully considering the description of the Khokhloma tomato.

Characteristics and description of tomato

Khokhloma tomatoes belong to a non-hybrid mid-season variety that ripens 4 months after the seedlings rise. An indeterminate tall plant has a main stem, the height of which reaches 2 m. Therefore, in the process of growing, it is necessary to carry out a garter and carry out the formation of a bush, providing for the removal of stepchildren. To ensure high yields, bushes should have no more than two stems.

The plant has simple, medium-sized leaves that are dark green in color. The first inflorescence is located above the 8th leaf. Then they go through every third leaf. 11 tomatoes can ripen on one brush. It should be noted that after ripening, they do not fall off.

A characteristic feature of the variety are elongated fruits, the length of which reaches 17 cm. They have a cylindrical shape and a smooth surface. Ripe tomato has a rich, bright hue. The average weight of one fruit is 120 grams. The tomato has a thick skin, dense, non-watery pulp.

Khokhloma tomatoes are universal. They can be used fresh for making salads and canned. They fit very easily into jars. From a garden with an area of ​​one square meter, you can collect up to 10 kg of tomatoes. High yields are achieved through proper plant cultivation, taking into account all the recommendations of specialists.

Important: Khokhloma tomatoes are often grown in garden plots in greenhouses. But, they are also suitable for planting outdoors in southern regions, which are characterized by mild climatic conditions.... As the reviews show, this variety has a high yield.

Advantages and disadvantages of the Khokhloma variety

Khokhloma tomatoes, the description of the variety of which was given above, has many advantages, among which are:

  1. Quite high yield. More than 10 kg of fruit can be harvested from a small garden bed. Of course, in order to achieve such a result, it is necessary to follow agrotechnical rules.
  2. The plant bears fruit throughout the season.
  3. The fruits have a pleasant taste, as indicated by the characteristics of the variety. They make delicious salads and preserves.
  4. High resistance of tomato to various diseases and viruses. The plant easily tolerates phytophthora, fusarium and more.
  5. Long shelf life. The fruits can lie for a long period, and at the same time they do not lose their presentation, as well as taste.
  6. Transportability. Tomatoes can be easily transported in boxes or buckets without compromising their presentation.

The disadvantages of the variety include high density, thick skin and low juiciness. Of course, such disadvantages are controversial, depending on which side you look at. You cannot make juice from such tomatoes. For conservation, such disadvantages turn into positive qualities.

How to grow tomatoes

Tomatoes of this variety can be grown in greenhouses. Since the plants are tall, the structure must be of sufficient height. It is recommended to use a trellis net to tie them up.

Tomato growing occurs in the following sequence:

  • For growing seedlings, pickled seeds are used. They are sown in light and nutritious soil to a depth of 2 cm. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that it is sufficiently moist. To grow seedlings, you need to feed them and water them regularly. Temperature conditions are also important. If you plant seeds in cold weather, they may not sprout.
  • When the first real leaf appears on the sprout, it is dived into a separate container. For planting in open ground, seedlings are used at the age of 2 months.
  • Particular attention should be paid to soil preparation, which includes digging and feeding. Humus, complex mineral fertilizers, and ash are used as fertilizers.
  • The place of planting of seedlings is also important. If we are talking about a greenhouse, then this should be done in April. We plant tomatoes in open ground in May. In this case, you need to make sure that the soil is warmed up enough (at least 14 degrees).
  • To increase the yield, the plant is formed into one stem. Small stepchildren, up to 4 cm long, need to be trimmed periodically every week. The plant is tied to vertical trellises.
  • The lower leaves are removed one week at a time. This is necessary in order to reduce the unnecessary intake of nutrients necessary for the ripening of fruits. Also, the lower leaves can sort out spores of various diseases from the soil. Therefore, you should seriously think about removing them.
  • During the cultivation of the plant, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, weed and fertilize. Also, special attention is paid to watering and mulching Khokhloma tomatoes.

Important: During the period of fruit ripening, the use of mineral fertilizers is not recommended..

This will increase the risk of plant disease, as well as an unnecessary increase in green mass. This will negatively affect the yield.

Harvesting and storage rules

The crop must be collected before the cold weather. Frozen fruits deteriorate very quickly and are not suitable for storage. Therefore, you need to harvest before the temperature drops below 8 degrees.

The fruits are stored in plastic or wooden boxes. They are laid out on paper and covered with sawdust. The boxes are stored in a cool dark place where the humidity does not exceed 80%. An effective ventilation system must be installed in the room.


Watch the video: Update u0026 Harvest. 2017 Heirloom Tomato Growing (January 2022).