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How to quickly make compost from sawdust with your own hands and apply fertilizer

How to quickly make compost from sawdust with your own hands and apply fertilizer


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Compost made from organic materials is an excellent fertilizer that can be used in the household to feed vegetable and garden plants. Consider the correct preparation of compost from sawdust, its advantages and disadvantages, the technology for preparing fertilizer from sawdust, what can be used to prepare it, methods of preparation. How to use the ready-made mixture.

Pros and cons of sawdust compost

excellent organic fertilizer;

loose structure;

absorbs moisture, can be used for soil insulation and to prevent soil drying out;

creates a comfortable environment for the reproduction of beneficial microflora and protects against the reproduction of pests.

when using fresh sawdust, they draw out soil nitrogen, which becomes inaccessible to plants;

for composting, sawdust from painted wood and treated with other materials that may contain toxic compounds must not be used.

How to turn sawdust into fertilizer quickly?

Compost must be prepared in a certain area, which is at least 5-7 m from the garden. This is the so-called sanitary zone.

How to compost?

You can simply stack all the components in a heap on a flat area. But many growers prefer another method - composting in a large box, pit or ditch. The walls do not allow the contents to crumble, the processes inside are proceeding correctly and do not stop, all the nutrients are preserved, they are not washed out by water into the soil. On such a container, you can plant plants, for example, heat-loving ones, since a lot of heat is released in the overheating compost, which heats the roots of the plants. The temperature rise on the surface of the material can be 1-5 ˚С.

Complete decomposition of sawdust in the compost heap occurs in 1, maximum 3 years, if you add bird droppings and animal manure to them, then the rate of decomposition will increase, and it will end in 6-10 months. If you add special biological products, then the material will be ready in 3-5 months.

Methods for obtaining humus

You can make compost from sawdust of any tree species, except for conifers, which have an acidic reaction. It is possible to compost only sawdust, but it usually consists of more than just sawdust. Manure, bird droppings, tops of garden plants, weeds, kitchen waste, fallen leaves and small twigs, any plant residues, except for those with traces of infectious diseases, are added to the mass.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

All components must be crushed, it is unacceptable to stack large pieces that will slowly rot.

Adding these ingredients makes the compost more nutritious. When preparing, you need to remember that in fresh raw materials you need to add ammonium nitrate (300-400 g per hundred square meters) or urea.

Cooking procedure: put sawdust and other components in a heap in layers, pour with water so that the mass becomes wet. The necessary enzymatic processes will not start in dry raw materials. For a year or more, the pile should be watered and stirred as much as possible. Doing so will allow the content to re-sprinkle evenly.

Instructions for use

Sawdust humus can be used in a garden in many ways. The overripe is used as organic matter for all types of cultivated plants. It is brought in in the spring, in the fall for digging and in the summer as a top dressing. You can fertilize vegetables, flowers, trees and shrubs, berries. If you bring it in for digging, then the compost needs to be embedded in the soil, in the summer you can simply pour the mass around the plants.

1-2 buckets of humus are brought under trees and shrubs, under vegetables and flowers - the same amount per square meter. m. With this method of application, when the compost remains on the surface, it gradually dissolves with water during irrigation or during rains. Nutrients penetrate down to the roots. Mushrooms can be grown on rotted material.

Semi-rotten compost is used as mulch and insulation material for shelter for the winter. The processes of overheating are still going on in it, so it well protects plants from freezing. Weeds do not grow under the sawdust, the earth does not dry out and does not compact. Compost works as well as any other type of mulch. Fresh compost can be placed in warm beds and grooves if needed to grow plants for early production.

You can make compost from sawdust yourself. It is easy to get them, for example, you can buy them at woodworking enterprises. The rest of the components are in any farm. All that needs to be prepared is the wooden box in which the fermentation will take place. The preparation period is at least 1 year, so it is worth starting work a year before the planned use.


Watch the video: How to Make Bokashi Fertilizer (May 2022).