Advice

Description of the 15 best varieties of peony roses, planting and care in the open field


Peony roses are called lush flowers, similar to spring peonies. They were brought up in the eighties by a farmer from England, David Austin. Even 30 years before that, he saw antique roses at the French exhibition, which he really liked. Since then, David Austin raved about the desire to bring roses similar to the old ones, while they had to be resistant to diseases, bloomed again, had a beautiful bush shape, pleasant aroma and different colors.

General information about colors

Peony roses or David Austin hybrids are famous all over the world. They are renowned for their beautiful bright colors, low susceptibility to infections, adaptability to different weather conditions and incredible aroma. Surprisingly, in cloudy weather, their pleasant smell intensifies. Bushes grow quickly and do not give wild growth. They have large buds.

Varieties of peony roses

There are a lot of peony roses, about 200 species, they have a very different color and shades. Roses are conventionally divided into small subspecies:

  • pink;
  • yellow;
  • white;
  • red.

Pink varieties

Most often, these types of pink peony roses are found.

Constance Spray

This is the first variety that was developed in England in the 90s. Its distinctive sign is the large size of double buds, the size of which reaches 14 cm.

The height of the shrubs reaches 6 m, they grow 3 m wide. They are spreading and vigorous. Support cultivation is recommended. Such roses do not bloom to the end, they keep in a closed state. Constance Spray blooms in early summer and lasts quite a long time. The flowers have a rich, pleasant aroma.

Eglantine

Branched bush up to 1.5 m high with matte foliage. It has pale pink, bowl-shaped flowers with a twisted rosette and petals slightly curving around the edges. They grow in brushes inclining to the ground, 6-9 pieces each.

There is a tendency to black spot, but if preventive measures are taken, it is not terrible for the bush.

Miranda

Miranda flowers are pink inside, and outwardly pale pink, close to white. They are large - 10-12 cm in diameter. They do not have such a bright aroma as most peony roses, this hybrid has a lighter aroma. The bush does not form inflorescences, so the flowers are convenient to use for making bouquets.

White varieties

There are not so many white varieties, but their popularity is also high. They are often used by florists to compose wedding bouquets.

Snow Goose

A voluminous bush that grows up to 3 m in height. Flowers on it are small in size, which do not fade for a long time. Their bloom continues throughout the season. They have a creamy white color, quickly fade in the sun and become snow-white. The foliage is small, shiny, there are few thorns. Medium resistance to powdery mildew and black spot.

Tranquility

The Tranquility variety is re-flowering, its inflorescences are up to 12 cm in diameter. In the center of the flower, cream petals with a yellowish tint grow, and towards the edge they turn white. The height of the bush reaches 1.2 m.

Claire Austin

This variety is deservedly considered the most beautiful of all, so it was honored to bear the name of the most dear person for the creator of these roses, the daughter of David Austin Claire Austin.

The variety belongs to scrub roses, which are large in size and an abundance of flowers. The bush is sprawling, with a height of 1.5 m, the width is about 2 m. Also, these peony roses are often grown as climbing. In this case, thanks to the support, the bush reaches 3 m in height. Looks great on arches.

Yellow varieties

Yellow varieties are distinguished by a variety of shades. The varieties described below are perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia.

Sins Thomas

The hybrid was bred in 1983 and is now one of the most popular varieties. Graham Tomos flowers are double with a bright yellow color and a peach shade. The diameter of the inflorescences is up to 10 cm. Flowering occurs all summer, at first abundantly, and then more moderately. They have a bright sweet aroma.

In cold climates, they can grow up to 1.5 m, and in warm conditions they can reach 3 m.

Golden Celebration

The hybrid has large lush buds, the diameter of which reaches 16 cm. Flowers grow in inflorescences of 3-5 pieces. The bushes have many arched thorns. The variety is resistant to disease. Blooms all season. The color of the flowers is honey-yellow.

Pat Austin

The hybrid is named after David Austin's wife. It appeared after crossing two varieties, pink-apricot Abraham Derby and bright yellow Sins Thomas. The result is a bright, eye-catching orange-bronze color. As the roses age, the color gradually fades and takes on a coral or pink color. The inner petals of the variety are bent inward, and the outer ones, on the contrary, are turned inside out.

Red varieties

Red hybrids are one of the brightest of the representatives of peony roses. They are used to decorate greenhouses and garden plots. Often used in bouquets.

Tradescant

The variety has an unusual deep purple-carmine color. The diameter of the flowers is about 5-7 cm. The height of the bush is 75 cm both in height and in width. The rose is also grown as a climbing plant. The Tradescant hybrid is named the best modern shrub of the American Rose Society AARS 1999-2000.

William Shakespeare

One of the most famous flowers among peony roses, with dense purple petals with flowers up to 8 cm in diameter. In inflorescences up to 4 flowers. The bush has good winter hardiness, but is susceptible to fungal infections.

Benjamin Britten

The bushes of this relatively new variety have a powerful, branchy structure. The height of the plant ranges from 90 to 140 cm. The variety grows rapidly, it is resistant to disease and frost, and is unpretentious in maintenance. Benjamin Britten flowers have a bright fruity aroma with hints of wine and pears. Flowering occurs twice, the first time in June, and the second time in late August or early September.

Othello

During flowering, the roses fully open and appear heavy and large. The height of the bush reaches about 120 cm.If conditions are not favorable enough, then it grows more in width, and in height it can reach only 80 cm.

Terms and rules for planting in open ground

Hybrids of peony roses are planted in open ground in the autumn or spring. The landing site must be sunny. Pits are dug quite large at a distance of about 0.7-1 m from each other so that the flowers do not interfere with each other. The seedling must be grafted on top of the soil.

Rose Care Tips

In order to grow a lush, healthy shrub that will bloom throughout the season and please the eye, you need to know the basic rules of care.

Watering and feeding

Roses need to be watered with warm, settled water. 10-15 liters are enough for one bush. It is important not to overmoisten the soil, as roses do not tolerate excess water poorly. The procedure is carried out in the evening.

The first fertilization with a special mixture is applied in the spring, the second time is fed when the buds are formed. For this, calcium and phosphorus fertilizers are suitable. If the bushes bloom again, they are fed with infused mullein.

Important! It is necessary to observe the correct proportions of the preparation of solutions for feeding the bushes. An excess of them can lead to yellowing of foliage.

Shelter flowers for the winter

Although most of the varieties of peony roses are frost-resistant, it is still customary to cover them for the winter. Usually the stems are covered with soil, foliage or sawdust. Foam caps are also used. It is impossible to cover with a film, since the plant will not be able to breathe, it will rot and die.

Pruning roses

Roses are cut in springtime. The first step is to remove thin branches and woody shoots. This should be done before bud break. Also, all branches of the bushes are cut off by a third.

Disease prevention

In favorable weather, peony roses rarely get sick, but under more severe conditions this happens more often. Therefore, gardeners carry out preventive spraying. To do this, use milk whey, a weak solution of copper sulfate and dusting with wood ash. During the season, 3 sprays are carried out.

For preventive measures, gardeners choose days with cloudy weather, but no precipitation. It takes 6 hours for the substances to be absorbed into the foliage. Therefore, if it rains before the expiration of this time, the procedure is repeated on another day.

Breeding methods

The main methods of growing roses are 2 simple ways:

  • Cuttings. They choose a ripe, woody branch of this year. A full-fledged cutting is a segment containing 3 branches. The lower sheets are removed, and the upper one is left. When landing, only the top leaf is left on the surface. From above, the cutting is covered with a jar or cut plastic bottle, thereby creating a greenhouse.
  • Creation of a branch. The area where the diversion will be fixed is cleared of weeds and dug up. Choose one branch and cut along the bottom. Tilt to the ground and secure with metal staples. Sprinkle with earth and watered. The end of the branch is tied to a peg.

Peony roses in the garden

David Austin's hybrids will look great in any garden. They are often grown as hedges. For this, both shrub species and climbing ones are used. Combine with low-growing varieties of flowers, using roses as a background. Also planted to decorate gazebos.

The unusually pleasant scent of peony roses, combined with their stunning beauty and variety, will become the center of attention on the site. And the owners will be able to enjoy their appearance and fragrance all season.


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