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What types of fertilizers are best for peas and their application system

What types of fertilizers are best for peas and their application system


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Peas contain vitamins B and C, carotene. From the second half of April to the beginning of May, it can already be planted in the garden, and the first sweet peas appear in June. Seed germination occurs at + 4-6 degrees. Sprouts perfectly withstand small frosts down to -3 degrees.

This vegetable crop is quite demanding on the condition of the soil. To increase yields, it is necessary to use fertilizers for peas.

Fertilizing the soil before planting

If the soil has been well cultivated since autumn, then it does not need additional fertilizing before planting. Usually, caring for the garden in September, for planting peas for next year, boils down to the following:

  • a fertile area of ​​slightly acidic soil is selected;
  • the garden bed is dug up, fertilizers are applied (30 grams of potassium salt + 60 grams of superphosphate per 1 m2);
  • the earth is dug up in the spring, fed with saltpeter (10 grams per 1 m2).

But in the event of a cold spring, nitrogen fertilization must be applied. The formation of nodules occurs in the warmed-up earth and nitrogen helps them in this.

Seed treatment

To protect future plants from diseases and pests, it is necessary to carry out a seed dressing procedure. To do this, pesticides are applied to it that can completely destroy external and internal infections, protect the sprouts from soil parasites.

Before sowing, the seeds are treated with useful elements, which, once in the soil, are connected by poorly soluble chains. Thanks to this, plants absorb the necessary substances and develop better.

It is popular among experienced gardeners to process seeds with elements such as iron, copper, cobalt, iodine, molybdenum, and manganese. The procedure itself is quite simple, and the additives do not harm the future harvest.

Fertilization features on different soils

Peas grow well on many types of soils, but not on acidic, light sandy and alkaline soils. The high acidity of the soil provokes the appearance of infections in plants, they cannot gain strength. If a soil unfavorable for the vegetable is found on the site, it must be calcified, that is, add 350 grams of lime per 1 m2.

Botanists recommend sowing seeds on medium loamy soils, moisture-intensive and rich in humus. You need to know for sure if there is groundwater on the site, because the roots of peas are able to penetrate deep into the ground. Too much moisture has a negative effect on plants.

Top dressing

To provide a vegetable crop with sufficient nutrition, fertilizer must be applied as follows:

  • After harvesting in autumn, spread out to 1 m2 half a bucket of rotted grass.
  • When planting, fertilize the soil with nitrate, potassium salt, superphosphate (40 grams of each item per 1 m2).
  • During germination, add a green infusion (nettle plus dandelions).
  • When flowering, feed with nitrophos (1 tablespoon per bucket of water). Consumption - 5 liters per 1 m2.

In the open field

It is recommended to fertilize peas growing in beds twice a season. The first time feeding is required during the beginning of flowering plants. To do this, take 1 tablespoon of liquid fertilizer and dilute it with 10 liters of water. 1 m2 3 liters are consumed. Watering should be right at the root, using a watering can without a sieve. To improve growth, peas are sprayed with a natural stimulant. The procedure should be carried out in non-sunny weather, early in the morning or in the evening. The culture is fertilized a second time when the first blades appear.

In the greenhouse

During the cultivation of peas under the film, it is necessary to feed it 2 times with any complex mineral fertilizers. For the first time, when the plant begins to bloom, for the second time - before the appearance of fruit ovaries.

Attention! Pea leaves like to eat aphids, therefore, if found, it should be washed off with water. If the culture is affected by powdery mildew, the diseased plant must be destroyed immediately, since the infection spreads quickly.

On the windowsill

Feeding weak sprouts is carried out using a solution of urea, 1 gram of substance is diluted per 1 liter of water. Fertilizer is applied when peas reach 8-10 cm in height.

To get a good harvest at home, you must follow the following rules:

  • do not buy fertilizers in which nitrogen is in the nitrate form;
  • use water-soluble phosphate during sowing;
  • do not water with potash fertilizers containing chlorine;
  • when flowering, water and feed regularly.

Fertilizers

Peas require fertile soil. Newly developed varieties have high abilities to assimilate a large amount of mineral microelements. To get a decent harvest, plants must absorb 3 parts of nitrogen, 1 - phosphorus, 2 - potassium and 1.5 - calcium.

Organic

Some gardeners do not recommend using this type of fertilizer. In their opinion, peas begin to grow vigorously and quickly rot. There is also an assumption that peas can be sown only next year after organic fertilization. Despite this, the vegetable culture loves such dressings and feeds well on sparingly soluble phosphorus compounds.

Phosphorus-potash

The introduction of phosphorus and potash fertilizers is best done in the fall for digging a vegetable garden. If you follow this advice, then in comparison with spring feeding, this efficiency increases up to 30%, and in dry times - up to 50%. It is recommended to use potash fertilizer with the lowest chlorine content in its composition.

Trace elements

It is often necessary to use boron. Its amount in the soil increases from the introduction of manure, decreases after liming.

When fertilized with molybdenum, the yield of peas increases up to 50%. This element helps nodules develop better, increases the amount of protein and sugar. Basically, root feeding is carried out.

Copper is very effective on peat bog and sandy soil. Copper sulfate and copper sulfate are most often used.

Magnesium is essential for peas. With a lack of it, the harvest can fall sharply. If there is little calcium in the soil, then it is safe to say that there is also little magnesium there. Dolomitized limestones or potash fertilizers are used to enrich the soil.

Bacterial

Microorganisms can improve the nutrition of peas. They do not have any useful elements. Scientists have created several types of such fertilizers - Agrophil, Mizorin, Rizoagrin, Flavobacterin and others.... After application, root nutrition increases and biochemical processes are enhanced.

Treatment methods and dosage

The pea fertilization system includes the following recommendations:

  1. To prevent plants from gaining excess biomass, not to rot at the root, it is better not to use organic matter directly under the bushes.
  2. Fertilizers with nitrogen are applied in the ratio of 30-45 kilograms per hectare2, if the humus content in the ground is up to 1.8%, with a moisture deficit and low temperatures.
  3. It is better to apply phosphorus and potash fertilizers locally.
  4. Copper sulfate is used if copper is less than 9 mg / kg in peat-bog soils and 3.3 mg / kg in sod-podzolic soils.
  5. When sowing peas on acidic soil, it is necessary to calcify it in advance in the fall.

Processing safety

To avoid negative consequences after using fertilizers, the following rules must be observed:

  1. Do not weed or loosen the soil while fertilizing.
  2. Use protective gloves, closed clothing, respirators.
  3. Do not increase dosage.
  4. Wash hands and face with soap after work.

Peas as fertilizer

Peas have an amazing feature of enriching the soil with nitrogen compounds. The plant nodules that form in the root system are rich in microorganisms. They absorb nitrogen from the air, feed the culture with mineral salts and water. Such valuable properties help peas to grow even on impoverished soils.

After harvesting, the plants leave the soil, which remains rich in nitrogen. Therefore, the land no longer requires additional manure application. Peas are generally known to be an excellent precursor for many garden plants.


Watch the video: How to Grow Delicious Organic Peas - Complete Growing Guide (May 2022).