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What is the reason and what to do if turkeys sit on their feet, treatment and prevention

What is the reason and what to do if turkeys sit on their feet, treatment and prevention


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Many farmers are raising turkeys. These birds are capable of gaining a lot of weight, which makes raising them a very profitable process. At the same time, sometimes poultry farmers are interested in why the turkeys sit on their feet and what needs to be done in this case. First of all, it is important to establish the provoking factor. The cause of problems may be a violation of the conditions of detention or the development of dangerous pathologies.

Why turkeys fall to their feet and treatments

Falling turkeys on their feet is considered a very common occurrence, which can be due to the influence of various factors.

Inappropriate care conditions

Containment breaches are the most common cause of problems. Turkeys can fall to their feet in such cases:

  • cramped poultry house and lack of walking;
  • traumatic injury to the skin of the legs;
  • lack of sunlight;
  • disturbances in the diet, lack of vitamins and minerals;
  • high humidity and low house temperature.

If the conditions of detention are violated, a weakening of the immune system is observed, which provokes the onset of diseases and abnormalities in the development of bones. When raising turkeys, it is important to avoid mistakes. If birds experience a decrease in motor activity or lameness, action should be taken immediately. Otherwise, the process may become irreversible.

Arthritis

This is a very dangerous pathology that negatively affects the health of birds and their development. Arthritis is thought to be caused by a large amount of protein in the feed. With this pathology, the joints in birds are inverted and the legs are deformed. This leads to severe impairment of motor activity.

For the treatment of pathology, it is recommended to use antibiotics and antiviral drugs. In this case, "Polymyxin" or "Ampicillin" is prescribed. The therapy lasts 5 days. In this case, drugs are recommended to be given with food or administered intramuscularly. Thorough cleaning of the premises and replacement of the litter are also important.

Newcastle disease

Falling to your feet is often caused by Newcastle disease. This disease is also called pseudo-plague. It is provoked by viruses that cause damage to the nervous system and digestive organs.

The disease spreads through contaminated feed, tools, bedding. Sick birds or rodents are also sources of infection. In 60-90%, pathology is fatal. With the development of the disease, there is an increase in temperature, loss of appetite, weakness, and decreased physical activity. Also, birds have abundant discharge from the beak, eyes, nose. Turkeys often sneeze, they have diarrhea, paralysis of the legs, exhaustion. Vaccination helps to avoid illness.

Typhoid

Typhus is considered a dangerous viral disease that affects turkeys or adult birds. The infection spreads through food, water, tools. There is also a risk of infection from sick birds. The probability of death reaches 70%.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

When pathology appears, there is a risk of white diarrhea, depression, problems with coordination of movements. Birds do not feel hungry and lower their wings.

Infected individuals are sent for slaughter. Healthy birds that have been in contact with sick birds should be treated with antibacterial drugs from the tetracyclines category. They are recommended to be combined with sulfonamides. Usually use "Furaltodone" or "Furazolidone". For the prevention of birds, it is required to vaccinate.

Rheumatism

Rheumatism is caused by disturbances in nutrition or maintenance. The most common provoking factor is a damp litter or cold floor. Drafts in the house can also cause inflammation of the joints.

Rapid development is characteristic of pathology. At the same time, the birds begin to limp, are in a depressed state, and refuse to exercise. You can treat pathology with warm foot baths. They are made from a decoction of nettle. Orally it is worth injecting an aqueous solution of mummy. Equally important is the normalization of conditions of detention.

Respiratory mycoplasmosis

Dangerous microorganisms lead to the development of pathology. The disease usually develops when the immune system is weakened. The transmission of respiratory mycoplasmosis is carried out by airborne droplets. Young birds are more susceptible to it.

With the development of pathology, the eyes turn red and nasal discharge appears. After that, the turkeys begin to cough, lose their appetite, and look untidy. Their legs are twisted. Subsequently, they completely refuse. To avoid the disease, it is recommended to vaccinate in a timely manner. The use of vitamins for birds is of no small importance.

Synovitis

If a turkey falls to its feet, synovitis may be suspected. At the same time, the birds make loud sounds. Additional symptoms of the disease include lameness, weakness, swelling of the joints, diarrhea. For the treatment of pathology, antibacterial drugs are used. Veterinarians advise using Tilan 200. The agent is injected intramuscularly into the chest area.

Infectious bursitis

With bursitis, inflammation of the intestines, joints and bursa is observed. At the same time, birds suffer from diarrhea, hemorrhages in muscle tissues, and impaired kidney function. The birds often fall on their paws.

Pathology is not amenable to treatment. Therefore, it is recommended to immediately destroy the birds and process the premises.

Postnatal pullorosis

In the acute or chronic course of the pathology, inflammation of the joints is observed. At the same time, the birds sit on their feet. The disease is not treatable. Therefore, it is recommended to immediately destroy infected birds.

To preserve the health of the remaining livestock, it is worth doing a general cleaning of the premises using disinfectants.

Marek's disease

Herpes infection is considered to be the cause of this pathology. It affects the nervous and lymphoid systems and spreads from infected individuals. With the development of the disease, exhaustion, respiratory failure, paralysis of the legs, paresis are observed. The disease cannot be cured. For prevention, vaccination is carried out.

Preventive measures

To avoid falling turkeys, you should follow these rules:

  • timely vaccinate;
  • feed the birds correctly;
  • adhere to sanitary and hygienic standards;
  • control the parameters of humidity and temperature;
  • give the birds vitamins.

The fall of turkeys on their paws may be associated with a violation of the conditions of detention or the development of dangerous pathologies. Many of them do not respond to treatment. Therefore, special attention should be paid to prevention.


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