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Thanks to the work of biologists and breeders, southern plants are now planted in mid-latitudes, and they take root well and give a harvest. The apricot variety Manitoba has been adapted to the harsh climate of Siberia. It was bred in the Canadian province of the same name. The Morden horticultural station crossed the Scout with the frost-resistant McClee stone fruit crop. As a result, the breeders got a tall tree with a thick and beautiful crown, which bears fruit normally even after a cold and long winter.
Description of the variety
Manitoba is up to 5 meters tall. The spreading crown is formed by shortened shoots and oval leaves. The tree looks very beautiful during flowering. When buds with large pink petals open, the plant takes on a decorative appearance. Apricot blooms like sakura. The description of the variety indicates that even in middle latitudes and in Siberia, there is no need to wrap up the tree for the winter. The continental cool climate of the Canadian province, where the apricot of Manitoba comes from, hardly differs from the weather in the central regions of Russia. Large fruits ripen on the tree in the middle of summer:
- oblong shape;
- bright orange color;
- with pubescent skin.
The apricot pulp, which is colored with a blush, has a sweet taste, almost no acid is felt. Inside the fruit, which is distinguished by an elongated toe, there is a bone with a core, in which there is no bitterness, it is easily separated.
Young trees delight with apricots weighing up to 100 grams; in the old culture, their weight is 2 times lower. Especially the fruits become smaller under heavy load on the plant.
Characteristics of apricot Manitoba
The variety is not afraid of severe frosts, is rarely affected by diseases, from which even adult garden trees die, gives a good harvest almost every year. Very tasty apricots of an uncharacteristic color are used to make jams and preserves. It is impossible to transport the fruits, they wrinkle, drain off with juice. Perhaps this is the only drawback of the Manitoba variety. The plant is not cultivated on an industrial basis.
Timing and features of landing
In the southern regions, the apricot is taken from a stone isolated from the fruit of a tree of the same variety. The seeds are hardened and stored in a cool place.
In mid-latitudes, Manitoba is grown from seedlings no older than 2 years. The site for the apricot is chosen by:
- on the sunny side;
- in a place closed from northerly winds;
- on a hill.
In the lowland, groundwater and melt water collect, due to which tree roots die. A pit for planting a young apricot is dug in advance to a depth of about 70 cm. Expanded clay or pebbles are poured into it, organic matter and mineral fertilizers are added, earth with humus is placed on top, which is well tamped. The tree is watered and tied to a peg.
In mid-latitudes, apricots are planted in April while the buds are dormant. In the southern regions, this can be done both in September and in October, since frosts there begin no earlier than December.
In order for a tree to please with sweet fruits, you need to constantly take care of it. Seedlings are watered once every 2 weeks, adult apricots need less water, irrigation is necessary at least four times per season, namely:
- when new shoots appear;
- before flowering;
- before fruit ripens;
- shortly before wintering.
In a rainy and cool summer, the tree does not need additional moisture. Watering apricots more often is necessary in hot and dry weather. At least 50 liters of slightly warmed water are added to each trunk circle of the plant. The ground near the tree is periodically loosened so that air can penetrate to the roots.
The apricot must form a crown, and every year long and dried branches are pruned. For the winter, Manitoba is not insulated.
Diseases and pests
Breeders from Canada have worked to create a garden crop variety that is resistant to fungi and bacteria. Apricots are affected:
- gray rot;
- cracking of the bark;
- curly leaves;
- perforated spotting.
Although the Manitoba variety rarely suffers or dies from disease, preventive measures must be taken. In autumn, dried branches and blackened fruits are burned. In early spring and before flowering, apricot trees are treated with Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate, and sprayed with Nitrafen before bud break.
The juice from the leaves of a garden culture is drunk by microscopic aphids. Caterpillars of the moth destroy the ovary, feast on ripe fruits. Stone fruits are affected by mites. Cope with insects with insecticides.
The bark from the stalks of the mouse, hares eat. For the winter, the tree trunk is wrapped with spruce branches or durable material. Beetles feed on plant roots to get rid of them, in the fall they dig deep into the ground, turn over the layers, and the beetles, once on the surface, freeze.