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Many Russian gardeners are trying to grow unusual varieties of horticultural crops on their backyards. Experts in such a situation advise paying attention to hybrids of currants and cherries, which give a decent harvest of berries that differ not only in appearance, but also in their unique taste. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, there are more than one variety of such crops on the horticultural market today, so before planting it is recommended to learn about the best representatives and rules of care.
The emergence of hybrids is associated with the many years of work of breeders, who for many years have carried out experiments to improve the external and taste characteristics of currant and cherry fruits, to increase the stress resistance of crops to the effects of environmental factors. The initiator of such work in our country was Michurin, whose first results in obtaining new crops were not always positive. Work on the breeding of hybrids was actively carried out in Germany, Sweden, England.
Today, there are many hybrid varieties of currants and cherries on the horticultural market. The main differences are in the appearance and taste of berries, requirements for growing conditions.
The result of the work of breeders on obtaining a hybrid of currants and cherries was the appearance of several varieties of yoshta. As a result of crossing gooseberries and currants, the following types of horticultural crops were obtained:
- EMB is a tall bush up to 1.8 m high, the fruits reach a size of up to 5 g and ripen for 2 months;
- Crohn is a medium-yield variety with small berries that can not fall off for a long time;
- Rekst is the result of Russian selection, giving berries up to 3 g;
- Yohini is a productive variety with a unique berry flavor, capable of reaching a height of 2 m;
- Moro is a columnar variety that gives off fruits with a nutmeg aroma and grows up to 2 m.
A hybrid of cherries and cherries, the so-called cerapadus, have not gained popularity in our country due to the specific taste of the berries. Experiments with cherries ended positively, the result was the emergence of a new species - Duke. The most popular varieties include Miracle cherry, Spartanka, Komsomolskaya.
A hybrid of cherry and gooseberry differs from the parents in a stronger immunity to diseases and the ability to tolerate difficult growing conditions.
They are not characterized by their disadvantages in the form of thorns and lack of resistance to frost. The advantage of plants is the larger berries, which have a unique taste.
Planting and growing conditions
Yoshta forms a bush, the height of which reaches 2 m. An adult shrub has about 20 shoots of different ages, and the root system extends 0.5 m deep. The plant is often used as an ornamental shrub. The plant requires planting in a lighted open area. The distance between the bushes should be at least 0.5 m and located 0.7-2 m from other crops. The soil should be loose, rich in potassium and organic matter.
Yoshta is planted in the spring or at the beginning of the fall season. The plant is fed with the same fertilizers that are used for better growth of currants and gooseberries. Single bushes need to form a crown, significant costs for pruning shoots are not required. The hybrid is demanding for sufficient watering.
Cherry hybrids are also planted in lighted areas, keeping the distance between trees at 5 m. Most of the crops are self-fertile, therefore, a number of pollinators are required to obtain a harvest. Growth requires a fertile soil containing a mixture of humus, turf and nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Plant care is not difficult. In the spring, pruning and preventive measures are required to prevent fungal infection. In case of insufficient natural precipitation, additional watering is carried out.
Reproduction of hybrids is performed by cuttings, basal processes or by dividing the bush. The latter method is used only for yoshta when a plant transplant is necessary. For survival, 1 or 2 healthy and strong shoots with strong roots should remain. It is recommended to treat the root shoots with charcoal before planting. The guarantee of obtaining a harvest of proper quality is the acquisition of a healthy high-quality seedling, the choice of the correct planting site and adherence to the recommendations for growing the plant.