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Each gardener tries to decorate his plot with long-lasting and frost-resistant plants. Juniper Meyeri does not need special care, so he is so popular among gardeners. This rather large shrub sometimes reaches 3-4 m in height. The branches are large and oblique. Lateral shoots hang a little.
Juniper Meyeri belongs to the cypress family. Many gardeners liked the plant due to the elegant crown, whose diameter is about 2 m. The annual growth rate in height is about 10-12 cm. The needles of silver-blue color are located very densely. Juniper belongs to the genus of evergreen shrubs.
The key to successful shrub growth depends on the condition of the seedlings. When buying planting material, first of all, you need to pay attention to:
- crown color, it should be uniform;
- trunk and root system integrity;
- freshness of shoots;
- the presence of an earthen coma and burlap.
For planting, you must choose an open and well-lit area. The soil must be moist, with a sufficient content of nutrients. Peat, sand and coniferous soil should be added to heavy and clay soil. It is imperative to make the drainage. To do this, pour sand and broken brick into the pit. Shrubs tolerate drought well, so do not allow moisture to stagnate.
The best soil mixture for planting shrubs is considered to be turf land, humus and sand. For each seedling, you can add a mixture of nitrophoska and epin.
The depth of the planting fossa depends on the root system of the shrub. Plant the plant quickly so that the roots do not have time to dry. After disembarkation, it should be abundantly watered.
As a rule, Meyeri is chosen to create a landscape composition, therefore, each gardener chooses the distance of planting independently. It is still not recommended to densely place it, the minimum distance between seedlings should be 0.5 m.
You can plant a plant not only with seedlings, but also with seeds. For sowing, it is necessary to choose seeds that are not fully ripened, the probability of germination in this case is much higher. Using this method of sowing, be prepared for the fact that junipers will appear no earlier than in 2-3 years.
After planting, the shrub should be watered frequently. Adult shrubs should be watered no more than 1 time per week.
Juniper Meyeri: features of the variety
As a rule, juniper does not need special care and intensive feeding, which simplifies its cultivation.
Juniper Meyeri, like the rest of conifers, can not be fertilized with cow or bird humus.
Such fertilizer burns the root system of the bush and leads to its death. The roots of the plant are of a superficial type, so you can not loosen the soil around the shrub, since they can be damaged. As mulched material, coniferous soil can be used.
Juniper lends itself well to mowing; it is best to cut the bush in early spring. After pruning, the juniper must be treated with fungicide.
Juniper Meyeri needs to be fed 2 times a year. In the spring, you need to make complex mineral fertilizers or nitroammophoska, and in the fall - potassium-phosphorus fertilizer.
In winter, some branches may break under the weight of snow. To prevent this, the crown of the bush must first be tied. If the kidneys died from frost, then the branches of the conifer should be cut to healthy wood and treated with garden var.
Gardeners use several ways to shelter a conifer for the winter. In the first case, snow is used. They need to cover all the branches of juniper. If there is not enough snow or there is none at all, then lapnik can be used. It is attached in tiers from the bottom up. Juniper can also be covered with burlap or any cotton cloth. The lower part of the crown with such a shelter must be left open. As a covering material, you can not use the film, since it does not allow air to pass through.
Diseases and treatment of juniper
Despite the fact that Meyeri is resistant to pests, it is impossible to exclude their appearance. If a web is found on a conifer, then it means that there are ticks on the juniper. Their web leads to the shedding of needles. It is necessary to fight ticks with a fitoverm and colloidal sulfur.
If you notice that the shoots began to bend and the growth of juniper slowed down, then this indicates the presence of aphids. To get rid of it, you need to process the plant “Spark” at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 liters of water. In the case of the formation of spider web nests of the moth, the juniper must be sprayed with malathion.
The sawfly leads to fragility of branches and damage to shoots. You can get rid of it with fufanon. To prevent the appearance of mucus on the shoots, plant juniper as far as possible from fruit trees and berry bushes.
Scabies can be found on cones or the needles themselves. Juniper is significantly stunted. The shield is also capable of hitting thuja and cypress trees. Juniper must be treated with systemic insecticides such as Confidor, Calypso, or Aktara.
Juniper: growing and care
In addition, juniper can affect coniferous diseases that are provoked by parasitic fungi. The needles in this case acquire a brown hue. Black blotches form on the branches. Juniper must be treated with sulfur and copper-containing agents. Dried and diseased branches must be removed to prevent the spread of fungus.
It is very rare to see small mosquitoes on the juniper, gall midge. They lay bright yellow larvae for the winter. They need to be fought with insecticides.