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The best varieties and types of sea buckthorn

The best varieties and types of sea buckthorn


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More than sixty varieties of sea buckthorn are already included in the State Register of our country, and dozens more varieties are successfully undergoing varietal testing. Every year, domestic and foreign breeders develop new and promising species, as well as sea buckthorn varieties, which are regionalized to specific soil and climatic conditions in Russia.

The best varieties for the Urals and Siberia

The vast majority of varieties and types of homemade sea buckthorn got their origin and main indicators from the wild Siberian or Baltic berry culture. The climate and soil of Siberia and the Urals are quite complicated for growing berry crops.

Nevertheless, sea buckthorn varieties were obtained, the description and characteristics of which suggest cultivation in regions with adverse conditions.

GradePlantShootsFruit
AltaiMedium-sized plant, with a compact and fairly dense crownStraight-growing, grayish-brown colorOval, bright orange, large sizes
"Giant"Medium-sized, with oval and medium-thickened crownWell developed and powerful enoughLarge, cylindrical, orange
"Inya"A tree-like medium-sized plant, with a flat rounded and sparse crownStraight, brownish coloration on the sunny side, with slight pubescence and middle internodesLarge, wide oval, red
FavoriteMedium-sized plant with a flat round shapeWith weak roundness and whitish pubescence, straightOval, orange, sweet, very
tasty
"Nugget"Medium layer, with a flat rounded crown and medium densitySlightly curved upward, brown in color, with slight roundnessPronounced oval, bright orange

The best varieties for the middle strip and Moscow region

Sea buckthorn in the suburbs gained sufficient distribution in the forties of the 20th century. This berry culture in the Moscow region takes root very well and bears abundant fruiting annually. The best varieties and varieties developed specifically for the Moscow Region have excellent winter hardiness. When choosing a variety, one must remember that forms of Siberian origin were bred in a sharply continental climate, and therefore are practically not suitable for cultivation in Europe.

Sea buckthorn: variety selection

GradePlantCrownShootsFruit
"Elizabeth"Medium with a few spikesOval and slightly thickStraight-growing, greenish-gray, with medium-sized internodesLarge, cylindrical, orange
The Golden CobModerate growthCompact typeStraight, beige-brown color, with a slight roundnessOval, orange, with a blush in the area of ​​the calyx and base of the stem
"Orange"Medium layerOval, medium densityBrownish greenOval, orange, with sour flesh
"Lomonosov"Medium-sized plantCompact typeWeak shoot-outsOval-elongated, orange-reddish color
"Fragrant"Medium-sized treeEasy to careWith few spikes for easy care and harvestingRed-orange, with sweet and sour refreshing flesh

Self-fertile varieties

Sea buckthorn got its name due to its surprisingly abundant fruiting. Berry culture is a dioecious plant. There are female specimens that form the crop, as well as male plants that are not capable of berry formation, they are necessary for the pollination process. In recent years, more and more information can be found on the implementation of self-fertile varieties. Nevertheless, most gardeners treat such a novelty with great care. Self-pollinated, or self-fertile, sea buckthorn is a kind of myth that has become very popular. A stand with an unusual name stands apart Gnomewhich is a good pollinator. This compact tree-shaped berry shrub has a small-sized crown shape and has straight, low-sprout shoots.

Varieties without thorns

Due to the presence of thorns, picking a berry and caring for sea buckthorn very often becomes difficult and sometimes traumatic. For this reason, in home gardening, varieties without thorns or the so-called thorns are especially popular. With proper care and the right choice of variety, growing sea buckthorn does not take much time and effort, while it pleases with wonderful yields of tasty and healthy berries.

GradePlantCrownShootsFruit
"Augustine"Moderate growthMedium sprawlWithout thorns, light brown, with silver coatingLarge, egg-shaped, orange, with tender and juicy pulp
"Openwork"With weak growthSprawling typeWithout thorns, curved, light brown with a bluish bloomCylindrical, bright orange
"Jam"WeakRounded and medium thickWithout thorns, beige-brown, straightOval, orange-red, with a bright and large spot
"Plentiful"TallOval and sprawlingSpikeless, beige brownOval-rounded, dark orange
"Excellent"Medium growthSpreading type and sparseMedium thickness, brownish color, no thornsLarge, cylindrical, orange

The root system of the berry culture gets its full development almost on the surface, and is not able to deepen by more than 35-40 cm, which must be taken into account when choosing a site for planting and further care. The area of ​​the root system is twice the size of the crown diameters, therefore, it is necessary to observe the planting scheme.

Sea buckthorn is successfully cultivated not only for the purpose of growing tasty and healthy fruits rich in vitamins. This is a very beautiful ornamental plant that can be used to strengthen sandy soils and prevent landslides.

The secrets of growing sea buckthorn