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Gladiolus is a wonderful flower that can decorate any home and garden. Planting gladioli at home provides a unique opportunity to admire this plant at any time of the year, without cutting it. In order to enjoy the beauty of the royal flowers, they must be properly planted, grown and properly treated.
Rules for planting plants at home
Gladiolus - a flower truly unique and beautiful. He is able not only to decorate the room and improve the atmosphere in it, but also to heal the person. They say that the bulbs of this plant of a certain variety help to improve lactation in women and relieve acute toothache.
In order for the plants to become a wonderful decoration for the home, they must be properly planted. Before carrying out work, you must select a container for planting.
Gladioli: planting in a pot
When choosing a pot, the following requirements must be observed:
- The size of the container should be at least 30 cm in depth, match the flower and contain the required amount of soil.
- The bulb planting tank should be equipped with a sufficient number of drainage holes. Gladioli are very sensitive to an excess of water.
After choosing a pot that will fit perfectly into the interior of the room and meet all the above requirements, you can start planting the plant. In order for the bulb not to suffer, it needs some preparation. The rhizomes of gladioli must be immersed in a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes. After this, you can proceed to the landing.
The following rules must be observed here:
- It is necessary to fill the bottom of the container with drainage. As an absorbent, either special pebbles or shards from broken pots are perfect.
- The soil for the flower must be nutritious, loose and moisture-resistant.
- In order for seedlings to feel comfortable, gladioli should be planted in mid-April or early May.
- Bulb planting depth should be at least 8-12 cm.
- If more than one flower is planned to be planted in one pot, then the distance between them should be at least 6-7 cm.
The place where it is planned to grow gladiolus should be sufficiently lit and warm. In the cold season, it is recommended to grow a flower on the windowsill. Gladiolus can be planted on the balcony only if the room temperature is in this room and drafts are excluded.
As a rule, the first flowers are distilled after 2-3 weeks. In order for the indoor gladiolus not to dry, you need to follow the rules of watering. Moisturize the soil every day. In the hot season, watering should be from 2 to 3 times a day.
Plant Care Tips
In order for indoor gladiolus to grow and delight the owners and guests of the house, it is still not enough to plant and grow it correctly. He also needs to be given proper care at home.
It is important to remember that even indoor plants need regular feeding.
Additional nutrients can change both the size of gladioli and the general condition of the plant. As a top dressing, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers can be used. It is necessary to introduce substances into pre-prepared pits. The first feeding is recommended when planting. Further, the procedure for additional nutrition can be done in 2-3 weeks.
It is also very important to remember that gladioluses love loose soil. Flower bulbs need constant air supply. Loosening should be carried out around the flower around the entire perimeter of the pot. After weeding, you can notice a significant improvement in the condition of gladioli. The stems become more stable, and flowering more frequent and intense.
Most people who practice growing gladioli at home recommend propagating them. This is due to the fact that the bulb has a relatively short lifespan of 4 years. After this, the viability of the plant decreases, and the flowers become weakened and rare. To resume flowering, it is necessary to replace the old bulb with a new one that was grown from children. If a fairly rare and expensive plant variety has been planted, it is recommended that the bulb be divided into several parts, necessarily with a bottom and buds. After the cut, it is necessary to fill the bulb with coal dust so that the rhizome does not deteriorate.
Lighting and watering
As for the features of the subsequent care of these flowers, it is extremely important to ensure a normal level of humidity in the pot. These flowers at the same time need moist soil, but they simply do not tolerate waterlogging of the earth. It can kill the bulb in a few days. Especially if she is still very young.
Immediately after planting the bulbs in the pot, the soil should not be watered until the first green shoots appear. But then it will be possible to look at the state of the soil in the pot. If it has dried, you need to moisten it. It is best to water gladioli through a pallet, since then the likelihood that the bulb starts to rot from overmoistening will be much lower. But even from above, the earth will need to be slightly moistened from the spray gun, so that it can be easily loosened for oxygen access.
Experts advise to water gladioli not so often, but at the same time try to keep moisture in the soil constantly. A good option in this situation is to mulch the land with peat, which will simultaneously disinfect the land and prevent it from drying out with a lack of moisture.
Important for growing gladioli in pots is lighting. These flowers are very fond of sunlight, even when it comes to direct sunlight. In spring, autumn and winter, in the conditions of a house or apartment, it is necessary to arrange additional lighting for plants in the morning and in the evening. It is best if they are fluorescent lamps. After all, ordinary light bulbs do not fully compensate for the lack of natural sunlight for gladioli.
To gladiolus bloomed for a very long time, and the flowers were bright and large, you should periodically feed them. But here it is necessary to observe the measure. Indeed, both a deficiency and an excess of nutrients in the soil can adversely affect the development of these plants.
The first top dressing should be done when the first 3 leaves are formed. The second time feeding gladioli is recommended after the appearance of the sixth or seventh sheet. And the third time it is necessary to fertilize the soil at the very beginning of flowering, when the plant just starts to produce buds.
It is best to use mineral fertilizers for top dressing. But when the bulb releases a few leaves, it will be possible without fear to alternate mineral fertilizers with organic ones. Sometimes even such top dressing does not give a result, and the plant still develops very slowly. Then you need to use the growth stimulants that are sold in every flower shop. Growth stimulants should be applied directly to the soil, and they should be foliar fertilized, spraying the leaves, but trying not to get on the bulb. Then it will be possible to grow a gladiolus large and beautiful in a short time.
Growing a gladiolus at home is not difficult.
If you do everything right and observe the measure in everything, you can get a beautiful, even flower. Indoor gladioli are practically no different from the same colors of open ground. Unless their size is slightly smaller and the speed of development is not so fast. Indeed, in the house, flowers always lack the main thing - the constant availability of fresh air.
Reproduction of gladioli by fission of bulbs
It is also possible propagation of the plant using seeds. However, in this case, the first flowering of the gladiolus will happen no earlier than after 3 years.
Gladioli are truly royal flowers that can decorate any interior and require proper care. It is not difficult to grow gladioli if you approach this with all responsibility. Despite the troubles, it is safe to say that the result is worth it.