Fig peach is a plant from the family of Rosaceae and belongs to the subgenus Almonds. By many characteristics and description, the peach of this variety is very close not to figs or nectarine, but to almond trees, but it differs significantly in fruits and has some cultivation features.
Characterization and description of the variety
An adult plant is characterized by weak growth and has a wide and fairly spreading crown. A distinctive feature is the significant thickness and red color of the annual shoots, which have short internodes. The location of the flower buds is predominantly single. Large buds, with severe pubescence. The leaves are medium-sized and lanceolate. The flowers are pink, large, with pale pink petals, very attractive.
The fruits are relatively medium in size. The average mass of marketable fruit does not exceed 90−97 g, and may vary by variety. The shape of the fetus is disk-shaped, with a flat and dented apex and a deep abdominal suture. The surface of the fetus has a slight pubescence and a slight thickness. Almost 3/4 of the surface of the fruit is occupied by a bright blush.
The flesh is a pale cream color, with a fibrous and juicy structure. A harmonious and slightly spicy taste is represented by high sugar content and a small amount of acid. The aroma is very delicate, barely perceptible. In the central part there is a small bone, which is strongly flattened.
This variety of fruit culture does not occur in natural conditions. The presence of a late flowering period and a high level of frost resistance of both buds and buds make this variety suitable for cultivation in the conditions of home gardening in areas with adverse soil and climatic conditions. Harvest is ready for harvest already in mid-August (you need to keep in mind that the fruits have insufficient keeping quality and are prone to cracking on the skin). The columnar variety of fig peach was obtained relatively recently, but already managed to earn increased attention and positive reviews of domestic gardeners.
Peach Saturn: growing
The most popular varieties
Currently, gardeners practice the cultivation of several of the most stable, productive and winter hardy varieties of fig peach. Of course, seedlings of such plants have a fairly high cost, however, the demand for them is steadily increasing from year to year.
|Grade name||Wood||Fetus||Pulp||Advantages and disadvantages|
|"Saturn"||Vigorous, very productive and precocious||Large, weighing 95-110 g or more, flat yellow, with a red blush||Creamy white, juicy and sweet||Mid-late variety with excellent frost resistance. Transportable fruits|
|UFO − 3||The average plant growth power from Italian breeders, a height of not more than 2−2.5 m||An average weight of 95-110 g or more, with a beautiful bright red blush||Pale white with red veins, sweet, honeyed||Insufficient winter hardiness and relatively average yields|
|"Vladimir"||A medium-growth plant with a good annual yield and a crown that is easy to care for and harvest||An average weight of 175-185 g, beige, with a light reddish blush||Very delicate and sweet, attractive cream color||High yield and low risk of damage to the most common diseases and pests|
|Sweet Cap||Medium-sized plant belonging to the category of quick-growing and productive||With a burgundy surface, very salable appearance, weighing up to 135-145 g||White, juicy, tender texture, sweet, with a slight acidity||Fruiting occurs in mid-August and is characterized by amicable ripening of fruits|
|"Nikitsky flat"||A low plant with a fairly spreading crown||Ripen in August, relatively large, with an average weight of up to 95−105 g, attractive appearance||Light cream, very juicy and tasty.||A variety well adapted to Russian soil and climatic conditions|
When buying fruit seedlings, it is very important to pay attention to the following nuances and signs inherent in high-quality planting material:
- specify the indicators of the level of plant adaptation to climatic and soil conditions of the region of the proposed cultivation;
- conduct a visual inspection and evaluation of not only the root system, but also the aerial parts of the acquired fruit seedling;
- it is necessary to examine the vaccination site, which should be as clean as possible, without the presence of sagging or discharge;
- it should be remembered that one and two year old seedlings of fig peach have the best survival rate.
This kind of peach culture needs plenty of sunlight, and it is desirable to plant a plant on the southern slope without the presence of through and north winds. Landing should not be placed on areas represented by wet or damp soils. Planting should be carried out in the early spring, before the plant enters the phase of active vegetation. The soil for planting should go through a deep digging with the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers. On depleted soils, it is advisable to enrich with superphosphate, potash fertilizers, wood ash, manure or humus. Planted seedlings must be abundantly watered, and then mulching trunks circles with organic fertilizers. Immediately after planting, young plants are treated with insectofungicides against diseases and plant parasites.
The presence of natural immunity, excellent winter hardiness and undemanding to growing conditions make fig peach very promising as a personal fruit crop.
Standard care for such a variety of peach fruit trees includes the following required measures and agricultural practices:
- despite a fairly good resistance to heat and drought, watering the plant is necessary, and their absence or deficiency may adversely affect the quantity and quality of the crop;
- in too hot and dry periods, it is recommended to carry out irrigation measures twice a month, spending at least two buckets of water for each plant;
- mineral compositions of fertilizers should be applied to the trunk circles every year at the stage of early spring digging of the soil;
- organic fertilizers in the form of manure and humus must be used to feed fruit trees no more than once every two to three years;
- special importance should be given to preventive spraying of the crown in order to protect against the most common diseases and pests of peach crops.
Experienced gardeners recommend mandatory rationing of the ovaries, which will not only reduce the load on the crop, but also contribute to obtaining better fruits.
How to plant a peach
According to reviews by amateur gardeners who have been cultivating such an unusual fruit crop as fig peach for years, gardening plants of this variety are characterized not only by very good yield indicators, but can also become a stable source of income due to the high market value of beautiful and tasty fruits.