Raspberry "Maroseyka" was bred more than thirty years ago by specialists of the Moscow Institute of Horticulture under the leadership of Professor V.V. Kichina. Scottish raspberries were used as the mother plant.
The parent variety was improved by domestic breeders, and the main emphasis in the process of breeding was placed on the enlargement of the size of the berry, increasing productivity and immunity, improving the taste and winter hardiness of the plant.
Characterization and description of the Maroseyka raspberry variety involves the formation of a strong, sprawling and medium-sized plant. As a rule, the plant reaches 1.5-1.8 m in height. The bushes form numerous shoots, which contributes to the easy propagation of varieties in the infield. The early ripening variety has powerful shoots that are covered with an attractive “felt” coating.
Each fruit twig forms at least 10-20 large enough berries, having an elongated shape. The average weight of marketable berries is 4.5-5.5 g. The pulp is juicy and tender, sweet and sour taste. The color of the berry is light red, with a slight bluish bloom.
Taste excellent - dessert, with a pleasant varietal aroma. Ripe berry is easily separated from the fruit. Adequate density of berry pulp allows you to transport the harvest. Universal use: freezing, drying, making jam, making wine.
Improved by Moscow breeder V. Kichina, the Scottish variety belongs to the category of non-bearing and large-fruited. About five shoots of substitution and at least ten shoots of young root shoots are formed on each plant. On plants over the age of ten years, a loss of varietal qualities, or unchecking due to genetic instability of varietal qualities, is observed.
Raspberries "Maroseyka": features of the variety
Raspberry "Maroseyka" is photophilous, but rather shade-tolerant. However, it is recommended to plant seedlings of this raspberry variety in areas well lit by the sun. The soil for planting should be moist and fertile.
When planting in an ordinary way, the optimal row spacing should be left, which will allow seamlessly tying up shoots, harvesting and other activities for the care of plants. When placing seedlings in one row, it is required to install a support structure with a strong wire stretched at a height of 1.2-1.3 m.
In order to increase the yield and large-fruity in the process of pre-planting preparation of the site, it is necessary to introduce humus and a nitrogen-mineral complex into the soil.
Basic care for an unpretentious plant includes shallow loosening of the soil, regular removal of weeds and timely watering, especially in dry and hot weather.
When growing raspberries of the Maroseyka variety, it should be remembered that mass fruiting begins a year after planting, and basic care is quite simple, but should be focused on the following recommendations:
- Pruning bushes of raspberries of this variety should be carried out both in spring, in order to remove frozen and weakened shoots, and in autumn, in preparation for the winter period.
- Autumn pruning is carried out no later than two weeks before the onset of stable cold weather and consists in the removal of all weak and young shoots that can not survive severe winter frosts.
- At the stage of active flowering, the formation of ovaries and the ripening of the crop, it is recommended that the NPK complex be added with the content of the main complex of trace elements, including potassium.
- In regions with severe frosts for the winter period, the shoots of the plant should be bent under the snow, which will protect raspberries from freezing. The best time for this event is the last decade of September, when the branches bend easily and do not break.
According to numerous gardeners, raspberries of the Maroseyka variety form bushes very similar to blackberries, and quite often double berries form on the plant. Immunity to a very common leafy raspberry aphid, or Amphorophora rubi, is inherited from the Scottish ancestors by the variety.
According to experienced gardeners, some raspberry varieties bred by Viktor Valeryanovich Kichina, Doctor of Biological Sciences, including the Maroseyka variety, may sometimes have a splitting of the large-berry sign, as a result of which the berry can be substantially fading.
How to plant raspberries
However, this variety really has a great "raspberry" taste and aroma. The crop is suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for various types of processing. Most often, raspberries of the Maroseyka variety are characterized by gardeners as wonderful, the bushes are fertile, and the berry is very beautiful and unusually tasty.